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  • Andree, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Industrial actors and their rationales for engaging in STEM education2019In: Journal of Curriculum Studies, ISSN 0022-0272, E-ISSN 1366-5839Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In science education, critical discussions on the engagement of industrial actors in STEM education are scarce. In this study, we take the perspective that industrial STEM education initiatives are an arena for governing STEM education. The aim is to contribute to a critical discussion on the involvement of industrial actors in STEM education by scrutinizing how they describe their engagement. More specifically, we look at the discursive repertoires industrial actors put forward as rationales for engaging in STEM education initiatives. The data consist of web materials wherein industrial actors describe and justify their engagements. We identify the following interpretative repertoires used by industrial actors when justifying their engagement in said initiatives: a) Securing competent labour, b) Securing economic growth, c) Improving the public image-marketing, d) Contributing to a bright future, e) Increasing interest in STEM, f) Increasing knowledge in and of STEM and g) Empowering young people. The repertoires are discussed in light of potential tensions between public and private good. The notion of 'boundary repertoires' is introduced to discuss repertoires which can be adapted across discursive practices and which afford industrial actors possibilities for speaking to a varied audience-shareholders as well as teachers.

  • Djerf, Henric
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Hagman, David
    Inventeringsfiske i Arkelstorpsviken: 13-17 Augusti 20192019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arkelstorpsviken är en grund och kraftigt övergödd vik. Som efter sjö sänkningen är avskild från Oppmannasjön med en kanal på 1 km. Vid den norra stranden ligger samhället Arkelstorp. Under åren 2018-2020 driver Oppmanna Vånga byggderåd ett LEADER projekt tillsammans med Högskolan Kristianstad. Projektet syftar till att ta reda på varför sjön är kraftigt övergödd och vad som är lämpliga åtgärder för att bättra vatten kvaliteten. Arkelstorpsviken är intressant då miljöövervakningen indikerar att stora mängder näringsämne lämnar vikennedströms. Dessa näringsämnen hamnar först i Ivösjön men sedan i Hanöbukten.  Denna undersökning är gjord som del i LEADER projektet för att få en inblick hur den ekologiska statusen är i Arkelstorpsviken.   

  • Fjelkner, Annika
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Library & Higher Education Development.
    Håkansson, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Rosander, Pia
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för psykologi.
    Do personality traits matter?: a comparative study of student preferences for TLAs and assessment modes in two different majors2019In: Teaching & Learning Inquiry, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 78-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What, then, do we need to know about our students to better provide for more equitable outcomes? Who will succeed depend on many factors, and student personality traits is one factor less discussed in the engagement and First year experience literature. The aim of this study is to add to the teaching in higher education discussion by exploring how student differ regarding personality traits profile (IPIP-NEO-PI test; Goldberg, 1999), approaches to learning (R-SPQ-2F test; Biggs, Kember & Leung, 2001), and preference for teaching and learning activites and assessment modes. The on-line survey study was carried out in a small, teaching intensive Swedish university on students in a Business (n=144) and Pre-school teacher education program (n=179). Findings were that there seem to be systematic differences between the types of modes preferred, and also significant differences between the two majors regarding learning approach, motive and strategy. Findings are discussed in relation to Jarvis’ (2010) model of learning and disjuncture, Biesta’s (2005) discussion on educational relationships and risk, and Trowler’s (2008) concept of teaching and learning regimes (TLRs). There are two clear risks that teachers and curriculum developers face. First, teachers who are new or come from a different TLR may face the risk of alienating students and exposing them to extreme anxiety if using TLAs and assessment modes students are uncomfortable with and unused to. Second, teachers and curriculum developers run the risk of not challenging students enough, thus depriving them of valuable learning experiences.

  • Arnoldsson, Viktor
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Murati, Tauland
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Ungdomars användning och upplevelser av sociala medier i relation till psykisk stress: en kvantitativ undersökning ur ett genusperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I Sverige ökade den psykiska ohälsan mellan åren 2006 – 2016 med 100% i åldersgruppen 10 – 17 och med 70% i åldrarna 18 – 24 år. Forskning visar att det finns en relation mellan psykisk ohälsa och användning av sociala medier bland ungdomar. Ur ett genusperspektiv visar studier att det finns likartade motiv bakom användning av sociala medier hos killar och tjejer. Nämligen tenderar killar och tjejer att använda sociala medier för att ingå i en ungdomskultur. Syfte: Att undersöka om det fanns signifikanta skillnader mellan manliga och kvinnliga gymnasieelevers användning av sociala medier ur ett genusperspektiv. Därtill undersöka om det fanns genusskillnader gällande upplevelser av koppling mellan användning av sociala medier och psykisk stress. Metod: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie gjordes genom enkätutlämnande. Studien grundade sig på en enkätstudie (n= 130) på en gymnasieskola i Skåne. Resultat: 88,5% av ungdomarna upplevde att det fanns en koppling mellan användning av sociala medier och psykisk stress. Ur ett genusperspektiv visade resultatet att det inte fanns skillnader mellan killar och tjejers "upplevelser". Dessutom visade resultatet även att det inte fanns skillnader mellan båda könen gällande "användning" av sociala medier. Konklusion: Eftersom det inte fanns några genusskillnader kan det vara tänkbart att tillämpa olika insatsåtgärder jämlikt för båda könen.

  • Gicic, Sejla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Kelmendi, Ariana
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Hållbarhetsrapportering i bilindustrin: en kvalitativ studie av SDG-rapporteringens utveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to study the development of SDG's sustainability reporting in Volkswagen, Volvo and Peugeot, and compare the development of reporting between respective automobile companies during the period 2014-2017. In order to compare the SDG reporting between and within the companies, a text analysis was carried out which was then quantified. The theoretical frame of reference is based on sustainability reporting, voluntary SDG application and relevant theories. The empirical evidence consists of data from the text analysis. Based on the collected empirical data, the development was compared between 2014 and 2017. The paper ends in a conclusion where companies within the same industry tend to be more similar to achieve legitimacy, which might lead to greenwashing behavior in which companies create sustainable statements without real interventions. The study is a basis for continued research on the phenomenon of greenwashing in the automobile industry and its SDG reporting.

  • Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Att möta elever som har det svårt2019In: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, no 4, p. 24-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Rosén, Helena
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Behm, Lina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). lina.behm@hkr.se .
    Wallerstedt, Birgitta
    Linnaeus universitet.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Lunds universitet.
    Being the next of kin of an older person living in a nursing home: an interview study about quality of life.2019In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 19, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The length of stay in nursing homes before death in Sweden has significantly decreased, and nearly one-third of people die within 6 weeks of entering a nursing home. Support for the next of kin is one of the cornerstones of palliative care, but the principles are not always adhered to as recommended when caring for the elderly, which can affect the quality of life of their next of kin. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of quality of life among the next of kin of older persons who live in nursing homes before an educational intervention of palliative care.

    METHODS: This is an explorative qualitative interview study with 40 next of kin using qualitative content analysis performed at baseline before the implementation of the principles of palliative care in nursing homes.

    RESULTS: The next of kin's experiences of quality of life were expressed in three themes: Orientation to the new life situation, Challenges in their relationship and the Significance of the quality of care in the nursing home. The next of kin experienced a sense of relief, although the older person was constantly on their minds, and they could feel lonely. The difference in the couple'slife situations was experienced as burdensome by the next of kin. The challenges in the relationship were described as stressful, related to a guilty conscience and the older person's vulnerability. The nursing home could be a context facilitating good relations. The perceptions of quality of care in terms of person-centredness affected the quality of life of the next of kin.

    CONCLUSIONS: The findings show that four factors are decisive for the quality of life of next of kin: the relationships within the family, the degree of relief that nursing home care entails as compared to home care, the older person's health status and whether the care is person-centred. Increased knowledge and education regarding palliative care in nursing homes are needed to better meet the needs of next of kin. Implementation of palliative care should take into account the need for support for next of kin.

  • van Helden, Jan
    et al.
    Nederländerna.
    Argento, Daniela
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    New development: our hate-love relationship with publication metrics2019In: Public Money & Management, ISSN 0954-0962, E-ISSN 1467-9302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the increasing importance of publication metrics in research. Four themes are addressed: the impact of journal metrics on issues like research funding and tenure; the unintended consequences of these metrics; whether the niche domain of public sector accounting journals is threatened by these metrics; and how researchers can best deal with the mania surrounding journal metrics. This article is part of an ongoing and larger research project about the identity shift of public sector accounting researchers due to an increasing importance of publication metrics.

  • Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Home Delivered Meals II: older Adults Sensory Perceptions and Satisfaction from Assistant Nurses Perspective2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Overall meal satisfaction and sensory properties of the food have been seen to impact the nutritional status in older adults living in residential care homes. However, there is a lack of studies focusing on home-dwelling older adults’ perceptions and satisfaction of home delivered meals.

    Objective: The purpose was to examine home-dwelling older adults’ sensory perceptions and satisfaction of home-delivered meals from the assistant nurses’ perspective.

    Method: The present study was the quantitative follow-up phase of a mixed method study with an exploratory sequential design. Data was collected through an online survey regarding assistant nurses’ (N=74) experiences of their care recipients satisfaction and perceptions of appearance, odor, flavor and texture of the meals.

    Result: The nurses reported that most care recipients appreciate the sensory properties of the meals. However, the perceptions of texture and flavor varied considerably as the texture of vegetables were perceived as either hard or soft, and the meat was perceived as either chewy or easy to chew. Moreover, the flavor of the meals were perceived as either tasty or tasteless. Sensory properties were important for the care recipients’ meal experience, and odor (OR= 6.15, p= 0,03,) and flavor (OR= 5.71, p= 0,05) were significant predictors for meal satisfaction. However, satisfaction could not be correlated to type of delivery system.

    Conclusion: Chewing difficulties and deteriorating smell and taste senses could be a reason for the great variation of the reported perceptions of texture and flavor. To increase older adults’ acceptability, more focus on choice of products and cooking techniques might be a way to improve the texture and flavor of the meals. Furthermore, due to selection bias the result cannot be generalized.

  • Lundkvist, Maja
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Amedi, Blerta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Continuance commitment and organizational culture – is there a relationship?: a study examining continuance commitment amongst university employees2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations today are facing difficulties with gaining committed employees. As organizational success isdependent on employee commitment, researchers have in recent years implied that there is a relationship betweenorganizational culture and organizational commitment. Organizational culture is described as the shared values,norms, assumptions and beliefs of a group. Moreover, research has shown that commitment consists out of threecomponents, of which continuance commitment is described as employees need rather than willingness to staywith its employing organization. Although there are research concerning the two concepts in a profit-drivenorganizational context, there seem to be less research concerning non-profit organizations, such as universities.The purpose of this thesis is therefore to examine if there is a relationship between organizational culture and thecomponent continuance commitment in universities. This was done through a quantitative research approach, witha positivistic research philosophy. To collect empirical data, a self-completion questionnaire was designed anddistributed. The choice was made to limit the empirical context to three universities within the Swedish countrySkåne. These universities are Malmö University, Kristianstad University and Lund University. Further, the contextwas limited to employees at the faculties of business administration and economics.The results of this thesis indicate that no relationship between organizational culture and continuance commitmentexists among employees at the faculties of business administration and economics at the three universities.Nevertheless, the results indicate that half of the respondents recognized a lack of organizational culture, butbelieved in need for it to create employee commitment.

  • Jönsson, Anna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Nilsson, Fia
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Funkar hundtricket?: varför hundägare har en större social samvaro2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka om, och i så fall på vilket sätt, tio sydsvenska hundägare upplever att hundägandet påverkar deras sociala liv. Detta har undersökts genom att intervjua utvalda hundägare som representerar olika delar av hundvärlden för att kartlägga olika hundägares upplevelser av den sociala samvaron kopplat till hundrelaterade aktiviteter. Det har också genomförts tre observationer i olika organiserade hundsammanhang för att kunna motivera antaganden som görs av de sociala fenomen som förekommer. Resultatanalysen visar att de intervjuade hundägarna upplever att hundägandet påverkar deras sociala tillvaro positivt genom att hunden fungerar som en isbrytare. De flesta av hundägarna beskriver också att de fått djupare vänskaper med personer de lärt känna via hundarna, till stor del på grund av att mycket tid spenderas gemensamt. Det har också berättats att olika hundrelaterade träffar är positiva och har en energipåfyllande effekt. Det framkom också att hundrelaterade aktiviteter kan skapa fler djupa vänskaper i större utsträckning än andra fritidsaktiviteter. Intervjupersonerna har också beskrivit grupperingar inom hundvärlden, emellan vilka det finns vissa motsättningar och starka känslor om vad som är rätt eller fel. Av detta dras slutsatserna att de tio intervjuade hundägarna upplever social vinst av att äga hund, att hundarna agerar som isbrytare och naturlig samlingspunkt, samt att hundrelaterade aktiviteter ofta är fyllda av glädje och positivitet vilket gör att hundägare gärna återkommer till dessa sammanhang. Det finns också gott om yttre kännetecken som gör att hundägarna kan känna igen varandra och snabbt dela in varandra i olika grupper.

  • Pousar, Sanna
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Rikkärr och kalkfuktängar i Lyngsjö: hävdens betydelse i det kort- och långsiktiga naturvårdsarbetet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige är fortfarande ett av världens mest våtmarksrika länder och har därför ett internationellt ansvar för bevarandearbetet. Däremot försvann huvuddelen av våtmarkerna i södra Sverige på grund av dikningar och sjösänkningar mellan 1800- och 1900-talen. Idag har en del våtmarker restaurerats och nyskapats, men det rör sig oftast om öppna vatten med strandzoner och arealmässigt långt mindre än det som trots allt finns kvar. De få kvarvarande kalkfuktängar har ett stort vetenskapligt och kulturellt värde. En rapport om Skånes rikkärr 2009 redogjorde för att 81 % av länets skyddade rikkärr är i behov av insatser i en eller annan form. Strax söder om Kristianstad sänktes Lyngsjön under början av 1800-talet och värdefulla rikkärr och kalkfuktängar bildades på den gamla sjöbottnen. Dessa marker är utnämnda Natura 2000-områden och kommer att bli skyddade som naturreservat. Floran är både art- och individrik och det är bland annat den rika förekomsten av orkidéer gör markerna skyddsvärda. För att bidra till kunskapsunderlaget för framtida skötsel- och bevarandeåtgärder studerades litteraturen och kärlväxterna undersöktes längs tre transekter. Resultatet visade att majoriteten av kärlväxterna som finns där är mer gynnade av bete än av slåtter. Många av arterna visade på en god hävd men det fanns inslag av bladvass Phragmites australis och andra konkurrensstarka växter som har möjlighet att ta över området på ett oönskat sätt. Målsättningen för markerna är att långsiktigt bevara och utveckla områdets naturvärden knutna till ett kulturpåverkat landskap. Här finns en lång tradition av odling och hävd med bete och slåtter. Betesupplägget behöver utvärderas för att ta hänsyn till floran och det finns behov av kompletterande skötsel när betesdjuren inte räcker till för att bevarandestatusen ska kunna upprätthållas. 

  • Wallin Bengtsson, Viveka
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för oral hälsa.
    Periodontitis, carotid calcifications and future cardiovascular diseases in older individuals2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease with a microbiological etiology affecting the supporting tissues of the tooth. The disease affects approximately 50% of the adult population. The prevalence of periodontitis increases with age. The complex bacterial infection, as well as an exaggerated host inflammatory reaction, may trigger subclinical atherosclerosis. Aims. The overall aim of the present thesis was to study the associations between periodontitis, cardiovascular diseases and mortality. The specific aims were: I) to evaluate the use and value of panoramic radiographs in assessing carotid calcifications in relation to other used methods (gold standards) and to assess the literature on carotid calcifications defined from panoramic radiographs and concurrent diagnosis of stroke and periodontitis, II) to evaluate if periodontitis is associated with the presence of carotid arterial calcifications diagnosed on panoramic radiographs in an elderly population, III) to assess if carotid calcifications detected on panoramic radiographs are associated with future events of stroke, and/or ischemic heart diseases over 10–13 years in individuals between 60 and 96 years, IV) to assess if individuals ≥ 60 years of age with periodontitis are more likely to develop stroke or ischemic heart diseases or are at higher risk of death over a period of 17 years. Methods: A literature review based on peer-reviewed studies was performed evaluating the use of panoramic radiographs in assessing carotid calcifications compared to other methods. In study II, III, IV older individuals, 60 years and older participating in the Swedish National Study of Aging and Care (SNAC) were included in the studies. A dental hygienist performed a dental clinical and radiographic examination. Probing depths (PD) and bleeding on probing (BOP) was registered. From radiographic panoramic images, the distances between the alveolar bone level and the cement enamel junction (CEJ) were measured. In study II, a diagnosis of periodontitis was declared, using a composite definition; if a distance between the alveolar bone level and the CEJ ≥5 mm on panoramic radiographs at >10% of sites and PD ≥5 mm at one or more teeth and with BOP >20% of teeth. In study IV, an indicator of a history of periodontal disease was declared if a distance between the alveolar bone level and the CEJ ≥5 mm on panoramic radiographs at ≥30% of sites. Evidence of a radiopaque nodular mass in the intervertebral space at or below the vertebrae C3-C4 was identified as carotid calcification. In addition, a medical research team performed the medical examinations, and a medical doctor (JB) reviewed all medical records for information about events of stroke and ischemic heart diseases. Stroke and ischemic heart diseases were registered according to the ICD 10 codes: ICD 60-69 for stroke and ICD: 20-25 for ischemic heart diseases. Study I was a review of the literature, in study II, a cross-sectional study design was employed. In studies III and IV, a longitudinal prospective study design was used. Results: On the use of panoramic radiographs in assessing carotid calcifications in relation to other used methods, the sensitivity and specificity varied between studies published. Furthermore, only a small number of studies were found concerning carotid calcifications and stroke. These studies were primarily retrospective. Four studies were found on the association between periodontitis and carotid calcification. Study II identified that older individuals with periodontitis had a significantly higher prevalence of carotid calcifications than individuals who did not have a diagnosis of periodontitis. In study III, a significant association was found between carotid calcifications on panoramic radiographs and 13- year incidence of stroke using a logistic regression analysis adjusted for confounders (BMI, diabetes type 2, hypertension) in the 60-72 years. A statistically significant crude association between radiographic evidence of carotid calcifications and incidence of ischemic heart diseases was found in individuals between 60-72 years. Such an association was, however, not identified among individuals older than 72 years. In study IV, Cox regression analysis was used, adjusted for confounders (age group, BMI >30, diabetes type 2, gender, hypertension, history of AMI, history of stroke, periodontitis, smoking) and with a definition of periodontitis as having a distance between the alveolar bone level and the CEJ ≥5 mm in panoramic radiographs at ≥ 30% of sites. Periodontitis increased the risk for ischemic heart diseases in all individuals, in women and in the 78-96 years age group (OO). Associations between periodontitis, and mortality were found in all individuals, in men and in the 60-72 years age group (YO) in the long term follow-up. Conclusions: 1. 1. Study I identified that there are studies which have assessed the value of panoramic radiographs in relation to other used methods (gold standards). The sensitivity and the specificity varied, with the specificity being more often higher. Few studies have considered the relationship between radiographic evidence of carotid calcifications and stroke. Four studies identified a relationship between a diagnosis of periodontitis and carotid calcifications on panoramic radiographs. 2. Study II identified a significant association between periodontitis and carotid calcification in individuals 60-96 years. 3. Study III identified that signs of carotid calcifications assessed from panoramic radiographs from the 60-96-year-old individuals were consistent with an incident of stroke and/or ischemic heart diseases over 13 years follow-up. 4. Study IV identified that periodontitis was associated with future ischemic heart diseases in all individuals, in women and in the 78- 96 years age group. Periodontitis was associated with mortality in all indviduals, in men and in the 60-72 years age group.

  • Ohlin, Christer
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Information and communication technology in a global world: teachers’ perceptions of continuing professional development2019In: Research in Social Sciences and Technology, E-ISSN 2468-6891, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 41-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes its departure from ongoing debate about teachers’ (collective) “continuing professional development” (CPD). The overall aim is to highlight active teachers’ perceptions on developing a self-understanding of their complex role in daily practice by using digital tools. The following research questions guided the study: How can teachers make schools more relevant and engaging? How can students’ achievement increase? In what way can teachers provide high-quality education for all students? Three perspectives will be guiding the study: Information and Communication Technology (ICT), learning, and special education. The participants in the study are 21 staff members in preschool, primary school, and a recreation center with whom we conducted structured individual interviews and focus group discussions. Field notes were also taken during the interview and discussion sessions. The findings reveal the importance of the teachers’ deeper understanding of students’ creativity, critical thinking, communication, and collaboration. Furthermore, the most powerful thing teachers can do is to design engaging, meaningful, and authentic work and technology-enhanced learning experiences. In order to improve learning in a digital world, the teachers must be engaged and supported by professional learning opportunities to continually improve and strengthen their digital competencies and teaching practices. The theoretical standpoint is the norm model as an analytical tool to understand the teachers’ perceptions. The concept of “norm” is a collective term for the factors and structures that are regarded as a normal balance between the aspects of value/will, system conditions/possibilities, and cognition/knowledge.

  • Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Hansson, Erika
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för psykologi. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Vilhjalmsson, Runar
    Island.
    Kristjansdottir, Gudrun
    Island.
    Bullying and pain in school-aged children and adolescents: a cross-sectional study2019In: Sage Open Nursing, ISSN 2377-9608, Vol. 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying is defined as repeated and unwanted aggressive behavior involving a power imbalance and hurt children and adolescents’ socioemotional functioning. The aim is to investigate associations between pain (headache, stomach pain, backache, and neck/shoulder pain) and bullying among school-aged children and adolescents. This cross-sectional schoolbased survey comes from the Icelandic data set in the international research network Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children. The study population included all Icelandic students in Grades 6, 8, and 10 (ages 11, 13, and 15years, respectively; participation rate, 84%; n¼10,626). An anonymous standardized questionnaire was distributed and completed by students in their classrooms. About every 8 in 10 bullied students reported weekly pain (79%), compared with little over half of nonbullied students (57%). The prevalence of pain was significantly higher among bullied students compared with their nonbullied peers. Being a bullying victim was associated with an increased frequency of experiencing headaches, stomachaches, and back pain, in addition to neck or shoulder pain. It is important for mental health nurses and health professionals to ask about pain when meeting with children and adolescents as well as to inquire about their peer relationships.

  • Beres, Viktor
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Kajliden, Viktor
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Privata småsparares påverkan på Aktieprisvolatilitet: En empirisk studie av smallcap-bolag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the following study both financial and ownership data have been gathered regarding companies listed on the Swedish OMX Stockholm Small-cap list to determine whether the fraction of small private investors have an significant impact on volatility. The reason is because volatility has a central role within the stock market making it an important variable. Previous theories suggest that a number of different variables that affect the volatility, where small private investors are one of them. Our regression model proves that the fraction of small private investors indeed have a significant effect on volatility. Our results also suggest that the company’s earnings divided by its total assets is a variable which alters the volatility. Multiple variables which were suggested by theories to have an impact on volatility could not be proven to be true, one of these variables were institutional owners.

  • Olsson, Ida
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Persson, Amanda
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Gymnasieekonomers uppfattning om den traditionella revisorsstereotypen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Secondary school economists´ perception of the auditor plays a major role in financial education at university level and in the audit firms. Secondary school economists´ can be future students and employees at colleges and audit firms. The purpose of the study is to examine how secondary school economists´ perceive the auditor as well as themselves based on characteristics associated with the traditional auditor stereotype. The study also examines, though to a lesser extent, whether there is a connection between the intention to become an auditor and if you have someone in your vicinity working as an auditor. Through a quantitative approach, the study´s three hypotheses based on profession theory, identity theory and the traditional auditor stereotype are examined. Characteristics of the traditional auditor stereotype identified by previous research have been used, among other things, as a basis for a questionnaire survey conducted at two secondary schools in Sweden. The main result of the study is that the secondary school economists´ perceive that the auditor has a high status, which indicates that the audit occupation is classified as a profession. The study´s result cannot demonstrate that secondary school economists´ consider themselves share characteristics with the traditional auditor stereotype. Finally, the study cannot demonstrate that secondary school economists who have someone in their vicinity who works as an auditor have the intention to become an auditor.

  • Brandt, Jonathan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Cehajic, Armin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Continuous Auditing: Inställning och attityder hos internrevisorer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a discussion about the current way of conducting business that contains a digitalized structure in the form of information- and enterprise systems where the digital information is vital. According to research this new environment requires new methods for measurement and reporting. While the development of the digitalization in businesses and society has gone far, the accounting and auditing methods have not.One concept that has become relevant in the process of digitalization is Continuous Auditing. There has been research about the concept for a while and there was a hope that businesses would start adopting it and switch from traditional auditing methods. For instance, the research has spoken about the possibility to do auditing in a more proactive way and implement automated technology. However, the research has shown that the concept only has been implemented in a few cases. This study has the purpose to examine why through examining the main users, the internal auditors` attitudes towards the concept.This study has applied a qualitative approach with the help of semi-structured interviews with internal auditors. The interviews and the analysis have been formed by previous literature and conducted research on internal auditing, continuous auditing and also theory about technology adoption.For instance, the results of this study were that internal auditors are willing to adopt similar concepts and are feeling the need to implement such. However, it is unclear whether the users should be internal auditors.

  • Brandt, Jonathan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Cehajic, Armin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Continuous Auditing: Inställning och attityder hos internrevisorer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a discussion about today’s current way of conducting business that contains a digitalized structure in the form of information- and enterprise systems where the digital information is vital. According to research this new environment requires new methods for measurement and reporting. While the development of the digitalization in businesses and society has gone far, the accounting and auditing methods have not. One concept that has become relevant in the process of digitalization is Continuous Auditing. There has been research about the concept for a while and there was a hope that businesses would start adopting it and switch from traditional auditing methods. For instance, the research has spoken about the possibility to do auditing in a more proactive way and implement automated technology. However, the research has shown that the concept only has been implemented in a few cases. This study has the purpose to examine why through examining the main users, the internal auditors` attitudes towards the concept. This study has applied a qualitative approach with the help of semi-structured interviews with internal auditors. The interviews and the analysis have been formed by previous literature and conducted research on internal auditing, continuous auditing and also theory about technology adoption. For instance, the results of this study were that internal auditors are willing to adopt similar concepts and are feeling the need to implement such. However, it is unclear whether the users should be internal auditors.

  • Ahlerup, Amanda
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Naturen, kulturen och helheten: En studie i hur kulturreservatens informationstexter skildrar samspelet mellan natur och kultur i landskapet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den europeiska landskapskonventionen belyser att landskapet skapas genom påverkan av och i samspel mellan naturliga processer och mänsklig kultur. Konventionen har bidragit till en medvetenhet kring vikten av att uppmärksamma detta samspel och behovet av en integrerad natur- och kulturmiljövård. Kulturreservaten knyter genom sin intention att förmedla natur- och kulturhistoriska helheter an till landskapskonventionen. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka i vilken utsträckning kulturreservatens informationstexter skildrar samspelet mellan naturelement och kulturelement i landskapet. Informationstexter i nio kulturreservat har analyserats genom en innehållsanalys där förekomsten av fristående naturelement och kulturelement samt samspel mellan naturelement och kulturelement har kvantifierats. Resultatet visar att skildringar av samspel förekommer i 60% av reservatens informationstexter. Detta indikerar att uppdelningen av skyddsvärda områden i natur- och kulturreservat möjligen är obefogad då landskapet inte låter sig indelas i natur och kultur. 

  • Fridberg, Marie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Teaching chemistry and physics in preschool: a matter of establishing intersubjectivity2019In: International Journal of Science Education, ISSN 0950-0693, E-ISSN 1464-5289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes analysis of teaching instances that are part of an in-service preschool teachers programme about chemistry and physics in preschool. The aim is to develop knowledge about the communication established between teacher and children in relation to an object of learning, specifically the role of intersubjective communication in relation to an object of learning. A set of science activities with a specified object of learning was developed in groups of teachers and researchers. A qualitative analysis of the communication in relation to the chosen object of learning was performed. The focus of the analysis was excerpts representing differences in intersubjectivity related to the object of learning and what can be said to characterise the communication between teachers and children in these situations. The results show that intersubjectivity can occur in different ways with different consequences for children’s opportunities to experience the intended object of learning. In connection to this, the importance of teachers having a mutual simultaneity in the communication with children about a specific content is highlighted. The teachers have to create links between the child’s perspective and the object of learning. Intermediary objects of learning are discussed as supporting elements in the conquest of new knowledge.

  • Abdo, Manal
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Persson, Emilia
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    En kvalitativ studie om idrottslärarens arbetssätt med högstadieflickor i relation till kroppsbilder2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The study gives an overall picture of how mental illness has become an increasingly common condition among children and young people. Therefore, teenage girls are a particularly vulnerable group with a higher incidence of mental illness, mainly due to society's pressure on norms and values ​​about appearance. Research shows that there is an interaction between mental illness and body dissatisfaction, and since girls in their teens spend a lot of time in school, it is of great importance to explore how the school works with this vulnerable group. The aim: The study’s aim was to explore how PE teachers work with body images among girls in the middle school. This is to increase understanding of possible factors that can affect the body image of girls in adolescence. Method: In order to be able to answer the study's aim, a qualitative choice of method was chosen in the form of individual semi-structured interviews in which a total of 10 participants had to represent the result. Result: The result is based on the PE teachers' experiences and thoughts on how to work with the subject body images among girls. Since there are no guidelines in the curriculum for how PE teachers should work with the problem, the public health work should therefore investigate the need for the volnurable group so that the PE teacher's work methods can be developed. Conclusion: Due to the limited research, there is a need to further study body image based on a qualitative and quantitative aspects to give a clearer picture of the PE teacher's way of working.

  • Håkansson, Robin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Isaksson, Pontus
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Digitaliseringens påverkan på riskbedömning: en studie i försäkringsbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how the risk assessment for insurers has been affected by digitization, with a focus on asymmetric information. 

    With the policyholder's increased opportunities to compare and underwrite insurance on the internet, we highlight from the insurer's perspective the problem of minimizing asymmetric information when contact with the customer is automated. Digitization does not only cause problems for insurers because of automation, but also provides opportunities for collecting and analyzing more data. The survey is of a qualitative approach and the collection of empirical data has been carried out with the help of five interviews with people in the Swedish insurance industry. 

    The study shows that digitization has in some cases, and in some cases not, affected Swedish insurers. Digitization opens up new opportunities for common people to commit insurance fraud, while at the same time reducing the insurers' asymmetric information against customers. Furthermore, the analysis indicates that the assessment process has not been affected by digitization but that the assessment itself has changed. Digitization places higher demands on the investigation and examination of claims notifications, despite constraining control mechanisms that minimize the asymmetric information.

  • El-madhoun, Youssef
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Larsson, Johan
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Revisionsbyråers strategiska val: en kvalitativ studie om revisionsbyråers strategival och de faktorer som påverkar dessa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom åren har revisionsbyråer i Sverige tillämpat samma strategi, en strategi som fokuserat på att erbjuda ett diversifierat tjänsteutbud. Detta har inneburit att revisionsbranschens aktörer blivit väldigt lika gällande struktur och affärsområden. Likheterna mellan olika revisionsbyråerna beror på att revisionsbranschen är tydligt reglerad i lag, normer och praxis. I början av 2018 skedde det i branschen en förändring följt utav en till i slutet av 2018. Två av Big Four bolagen, PwC och KPMG, valde att avyttra sin redovisningsverksamhet och specialisera sig inom revision. Syftet med denna studie är att skapa förståelse för vad som påverkar revisionsbyråers strategival. För att skapa denna förståelse undersöker denna studie vilka faktorer som påverkat strategivalet. 

    Denna studie har genomförts genom att tillämpa en kvalitativ metod. Semistrukturerade intervjuer har använts som datainsamlingsmetod. För att undersöka revisionsbyråers strategival och inte bara förändringen, har fyra ledande revisionsbyråer intervjuats, varav två byråer som genomfört en strategisk förändring och två som behållit samma strategi. Med en abduktiv forskningsansats har en teoretisk referensram legat som grund för studien. 

    Studiens slutsatser är att revisionsbyråer påverkas av samma externa och interna faktorer. De externa faktorerna som identifierats är digitalisering samt lagar och regler. De interna faktorerna som identifierats är humana resurser och ägare. Den faktor som haft störst påverkan på strategi och orsakat att flera strategier tillkommit är digitalisering. Trots att alla revisionsbyråer påverkas av samma faktorer tyder denna studie på att revisionsbyråer påverkas olika. Beroende på den individuella kundtypen styrs valet av strategi, valet mellan specialiseringsstrategi eller diversifieringsstrategi.

  • Granat, Adrian
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Arenander, Carl
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Faktorer som kan påverka företags val av redovisningsregelverk: en kvantitativ studie om väsentliga faktorer som påverkar större onoterade svenska företags frivilliga val att använda IFRS eller K32019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Business activity and financial reporting affect many different stakeholders but also society as a whole. Securing financial information is essential for a functioning economic landscape. In the EU, most countries require listed companies to report according to IFRS. Unlisted companies' financial reporting is not as tightly regulated. Previous research that studies unlisted companies has focused primarily on macroeconomic factors affecting countries and companies that voluntarily apply IFRS. The purpose of this study is to investigate which factors influence larger unlisted Swedish companies in considering voluntarily use IFRS instead of the K3 regulations.

     

    The study uses a quantitative research strategy and tests hypotheses that are formulated regarding the factors "size", "industry" and "business area". The influence of these factors has been highlighted by previous research as relevant for unlisted companies to explain the choice of accounting rules are used by these companies. A desk survey was conducted in which the companies' annual reports were reviewed to obtain the necessary information. Subsequently, the sample was divided into two groups, (15) K3 companies and (15) IFRS companies. These companies were selected from a total of 875 companies that were reviewed.

     

    The results of this study show that there is a certain statistical correlation between the factors "size" and "area of ​​operation" and the accounting rules used by the companies. The size of the company and the nature of its market (national or international) do seem to affect which accounting rules they use. However, we were unable to demonstrate any connection between industry and the accounting rules used by the companies

  • Samuelsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Lissner, Lauren
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Eiben, Gabriele
    Skövde universitet.
    Zettergren, Anna
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Skoog, Ingmar
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Time trends in nutrient intake and dietary patterns among five birth cohorts of 70-year-olds examined 1971-2016: results from the Gothenburg H70 birth cohort studies, Sweden.2019In: Nutrition Journal, ISSN 1475-2891, E-ISSN 1475-2891, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Nutrition is a key factor in healthy ageing but there are still gaps in knowledge about risk- and protective factors linking diet and healthy ageing. The aim of this study was to investigate time trends in dietary patterns and nutrient intake in an older population, in order to increase the understanding of whether dietary recommendations are followed and if nutrient needs are met.

    METHODS: Cross-sectional data was derived from five samples of 70-year-olds examined 1971-72, 1981-83, 1992-93, 2000-02 and 2014-16 from the Gothenburg H70 birth cohort studies in Sweden. A total of 2246 individuals (56% women) participated. Dietary intake was determined by the diet history method, which is an interview including questions on usual frequencies and portion sizes of food intake during the preceding three months. Recommended values of nutrient intake and determinants of healthful dietary patterns were based on the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2012. Statistical analyses were performed using general linear models, student's t-test and chi-square test, stratified by sex.

    RESULTS: The intake of fruits and vegetables, fish and seafood, whole grain products and nuts and seeds increased during the study period (p < 0.0001), among both sexes. However, there was also an increase in alcohol intake (p < 0.0001), especially from wine and beer, and in 2014-16 more than 30% had an alcohol intake above recommendations. Protein intake increased (p < 0.0001 for women and p = 0.0004 for men), and 48% of the women and 37% of the men had a protein intake above recommended 1.2 g/kg body weight and day in 2014-16. The proportion of participants at risk of inadequate intake of vitamins C, D and folate decreased during the study period, among both sexes (p < 0.0001). However, vitamin D intake from diet was still below average requirement level of 7.5 μg/day for 49% of the women and 32% of the men in 2014-16.

    CONCLUSIONS: Dietary patterns have changed among 70-year-olds during the past five decades, with an increase in healthful foods and a higher nutrient density in later born birth cohorts. However, the intake of alcohol increased, especially among women. Results from this study can be useful as a basis for dietary guidelines and used for prevention strategies involving older adults in population-based and health care settings.

  • Balan, Andreia
    et al.
    Helsingborgs stad.
    Green, Jenny
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Göteborgs universitet.
    Effekten av fysisk aktivitet i matematikundervisningen2019In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 6-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of how physical activity can be used in school to create more favorable conditions for students' learning in mathematics. The study investigated the effect of physical activity in the long term on the students’ concentration, working memory and knowledge of mathematics via recurring short activity of physical activity. The study was conducted with 175 grade 7 students from four different schools. An initial task of seven minutes of pulse-raising exercises was introduced in five of the groups at the beginning of the mathematics lesson. The results show an improvement in the students' concentration and working memory in the intervention group compared to the control group. There was no significant difference between gender or ability, all were similarly affected by the physical activity. Students from different school environments are also affected by the physical activity in the same way.