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  • Hultman, Annelie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Nilsson, Mathilda
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Socioekonomiska faktorers påverkan på kariesrisk hos barn 0-12 år i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka socioekonomiska faktorers påverkan på kariesrisken hos barn 0-12 år i Sverige. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en systematisk kvantitativ litteraturstudie, sökningen av vetenskapliga artiklar gjordes i PubMed. Resultat: Låg socioekonomisk status gav högre kariesrisk än hög socioekonomisk status. Barn till mödrar med låg utbildningsnivå hade 3.02 gånger ökad kariesrisk än barn till mödrar med hög utbildningsnivå. Barn med två utlandsfödda föräldrar hade 6.37 gånger ökad kariesrisk i förhållande till barn med föräldrar födda i Sverige. Slutsats: Barn till föräldrar med låg socioekonomisk status hade högre kariesrisk än barn till föräldrar med hög socioekonomisk status oberoende av föräldrarnas/familjens inkomst, föräldrarnas utbildning, föräldrarnas bakgrund, föräldrarnas/familjens hälsa/vanor/attityder eller geografiskt område.

  • Dahl, Christoffer
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för humaniora.
    Voices of female and male authorship: legitimations and discourses in literature textbooks2018In: IARTEM e-journal, ISSN 1837-2104, ISSN 1837-2104, Vol. 10, no 1-2, p. 5-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature textbook contains a range of voices (e.g. the textbook writer, the authors, experts etc.) who legitimize certain perspectives on the authorship (Dahl 2015). The aim of this paper is to discuss how voices are used and combined to legitimize female and male authorship in five literature textbooks for upper secondary schools in Sweden. The analysis is based on Theo van Leeuwen’s (2007) concept of legitimation, Bakhtin’s (1991) concept of voice and Norman Fairclough’s (1992) concept of intertextuality and interdiscursivity. Intertextuality focuses on how voices, i.e. explicit references, are used to authorize a specific perspective on the authorship. Interdiscursivity highlights texts as social practices constituted by combinations of voices, discourses and genres. My analysis of interdiscursivity examines how voices and discourses are articulated in the legitimation of the authorship and how it is realized linguistically. The result indicates differences in how male and female authorship are legitimized. Typical for the discourse of the male authorship is that the textbook writer’s voice interacts with the voices of the author and authorities in literature, shaping a homophonic discourse in which literary concepts and theory are predominant. The male authorship is legitimized as artistically significant in the history of literature. In comparison, the legitimization of the female authorship is characterized by a monophonic discourse with few references to authorities in literature. Interdiscursively, the voice of the textbook writer is more evaluative and authoritative, and the legitimations focus on the author’s social and empathetic ability. The result raises questions about the construction of male and female identities and didactic implications regarding language, identity and power in textbooks.

  • Martin, Lena
    et al.
    Laurenius, Anna
    Palm, Sara
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Anderhov Eriksson, Christin
    Stark inför kirurgi – stark för livet2018Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hälsosamma matvanor och god nutrition har stor betydelse för patientens autonomi, vårdbehov och rehabilitering och är grundläggande för övrig behandling. Att säkerställa att patienten har bästa möjliga nutritionsstatus inför planerad kirurgi, i det akuta efterförloppet och under sin rehabilitering har stor betydelse i omvårdnads- och läkningsprocessen. Rätt mat och näring är en viktig patientsäkerhetsfråga.Undernäring leder till sämre resultat av medicinsk och kirurgisk behandling, förlängd vårdtid och ökad risk för komplikationer, lidande och död. Säker vård avseende nutrition baseras på̊ bedömning av undernäring eller risk för undernäring, utredning av orsak samt adekvat näringsbehandling.God och säker vård är personcentrerad och evidensbaserad. Den bedrivs i team och bygger på kommunikation mellan alla inblandade. Ett strukturerat arbete med ohälsosamma matvanor och nutritionsbehandling inför kirurgi bygger på att olika professioner arbetar tillsammans med patienten i centrum. Dietisten kan erbjuda nutritionsbehandling på̊ individnivå̊.Vi hoppas att denna broschyr kan bidra till ett strukturerat nutritionsarbete inför planerad kirurgi och göra vården kring mat och näring i samband med kirurgi bättre och säkrare för alla som den berör.

  • Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Lund University.
    Lexell, Jan
    Uppsala University & .
    Brogårdh, Christina
    Lund University.
    Growing up with a disability following paralytic poliomyelitis: experiences from persons with late effects of polio2019In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To describe the experiences of growing up after acute paralytic poliomyelitis and strategies used to adapt to the new situation. Methods: Seven women and seven men (mean age 70 years, min-max 61-78 years) with late effects of polio, who had contracted paralytic polio in their childhood. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed by systematic text condensation. Results: Memories of contracting acute paralytic poliomyelitis involved being immobilized and sent away from home for surgical and physiotherapeutic treatment. Growing up in a social context that was often tough and unfriendly resulted in the development of strategies, such as optimistic thinking, trying to blend in, trusting one's ability to manage, and to handle the preconceptions and expectations of others. At the onset of late effects of polio, some of these strategies were still functioning, whereas overachieving, disregarding pain, and weariness were not. Conclusion: The challenges of growing up with a disability following paralytic polio led to the development of various psychological strategies for managing daily life. By understanding these experiences and strategies, knowledge may be gained in assisting rehabilitation professionals to better support persons with late effects of polio in adapting to the new situation. Implications for rehabilitation At the onset of late effects of polio, strategies developed earlier in life, such as overachieving, disregarding pain, and weariness, may not function anymore. Understanding the experiences of growing up with poliomyelitis can support rehabilitation professionals to provide targeted interventions for people with late effects of polio and enable them to develop new adaptive strategies. Developing new strategies, such as accepting increased symptoms, and augmenting self-esteem and self-efficacy, may improve daily functioning among people with late effects of polio.

  • Galway, Lindsay P
    et al.
    Canada.
    Beery, Thomas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Jones-Casey, Kelsey
    USA.
    Tasala, Kirsti
    Canada.
    Mapping the solastalgia literature: a scoping review study2019In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solastalgia is a relatively new concept for understanding the links between human and ecosystem health, specifically, the cumulative impacts of climatic and environmental change on mental, emotional, and spiritual health. Given the speed and scale of climate change alongside biodiversity loss, pollution, deforestation, unbridled resource extraction, and other environmental challenges, more and more people will experience solastalgia. This study reviewed 15 years of scholarly literature on solastalgia using a scoping review process. Our goal was to advance conceptual clarity, synthesize the literature, and identify priorities for future research. Four specific questions guided the review process: (1) How is solastalgia conceptualized and applied in the literature?; (2) How is solastalgia experienced and measured in the literature?; (3) How is 'place' understood in the solastalgia literature?; and (4) Does the current body of literature on solastalgia engage with Indigenous worldviews and experiences? Overall, we find there is a need for additional research employing diverse methodologies, across a greater diversity of people and places, and conducted in collaboration with affected populations and potential knowledge, alongside greater attention to the practical implications and applications of solastalgia research. We also call for continued efforts to advance conceptual clarity and theoretical foundations. Key outcomes of this study include our use of the landscape construct in relation to solastalgia and a call to better understand Indigenous peoples' lived experiences of landscape transformation and degradation in the context of historical traumas.

  • Gerberich, Johanna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Lidén, Alina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Learning teams' diversity and innovative capacity: the case of gastronomy students.2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Gastronomy program at Kristianstad University has since many years been working with innovative processes and have created a number of courses aimed at developing innovative generic skills among their students. One of such courses is “Creative concept and product development in the foodstuff”.  The course presents the students an opportunity to develop new and exciting food stuff products in team of learners. The course has now run for 4 years and students have expressed satisfaction with their innovative skill development and the usefulness of skills acquired in their future career.  While the course have received many positive evaluations, a systematic evaluation of its structure and implementation has not yet been performed. This project aimed at evaluating how different aspects of team work (e.g. diversity and experiences) relate to students' development of innovative skills within the course. The study’s theoretical base lays in the field of collaborative learning (e.g. Bruffee, 1993), team learning (Slavin, 1978) and well as acquisition of generic skills in the collaborative and team learning processes. The project utilized an Input-Process-Output (Ilgen, et al. 2005) model where exploration diversity, team process and self-perceived outcomes and relationship between those have been investigated by the means of qualitative and quantitative methods. Relying on the surveys and reflective diaries of the course participants the study showed how various diversity aspects of the teams related to their processes and self-assessed outcomes, as well as show how students reason about collaboration in diverse groups. Based on the findings the study puts forward suggestion of how to manage the team work in increasingly diverse classes in the institutions of higher education and which method both students and instructors could employ to rip the benefits of this diversity.  

  • Jannisa, Gudmund
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Timor-Leste in the World: BC to Independence2019Book (Other academic)
  • Hillethan, Morgan
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Smycket av ett biologiskt kulturarv eller en utdöende epok?: en återinventering av hamlade träd i nordöstra Skåne 20192019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning och studier om hamlade träd och lövängar har varit något begränsad p.g.a. att de spår som syns i våra marker endast hyser ett fåtal rester. Förmodligen har landskapet varit rikt på hamlade träd. Under en inventering som pågick mellan 2004–2007 i nordöstra Skåne lokaliserades individer med hamlingsspår samt lövängsrester. Med den som grundmaterial genomfördes en inventering av fyra utvalda lokaler, varav två har ett formellt skydd i form av naturreservat och kulturreservat samt två utan skydd. Samma metod användes. Inventeringen visar att hamling och nyhamling av träd har ökat, främst på de lokaler som har skydd. Dessa lokaler har dessutom en skötselplan som gynnar hävd vilket passar individer med hamlingsspår. Resurser i form av medel och kunskap borde förläggas inom de områden där hamlade träd har störst chans att leva kvar. Reservat ger den möjlighet som ett långsiktigt bevarandearbete kräver, med en skötsel som gynnar de hamlade individerna, framhäver nyhamling samt det biologiska kulturarvet.

  • Alerstam, Thomas
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Bäckman, Johan
    Lund University.
    Johanna, Grönroos
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Olofsson, Patrik
    Heberg, Sweden.
    Strandberg, Roine
    Lund University.
    Hypotheses and tracking results about the longest migration: the case of the arctic tern2019In: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The arctic tern Sterna paradisaea completes the longest known annual return migration on Earth, traveling between breeding sites in the northern arctic and temperate regions and survival/molt areas in the Antarctic pack‐ice zone. Salomonsen (1967, Biologiske Meddelelser, Copenhagen Danske Videnskabernes Selskab24, 1) put forward a hypothetical comprehensive interpretation of this global migration pattern, suggesting food distribution, wind patterns, sea ice distribution, and molt habits as key ecological and evolutionary determinants. We used light‐level geolocators to record 12 annual journeys by eight individuals of arctic terns breeding in the Baltic Sea. Migration cycles were evaluated in light of Salomonsen's hypotheses and compared with results from geolocator studies of arctic tern populations from Greenland, Netherlands, and Alaska. The Baltic terns completed a 50,000 km annual migration circuit, exploiting ocean regions of high productivity in the North Atlantic, Benguela Current, and the Indian Ocean between southern Africa and Australia (sometimes including the Tasman Sea). They arrived about 1 November in the Antarctic zone at far easterly longitudes (in one case even at the Ross Sea) subsequently moving westward across 120–220 degrees of longitude toward the Weddell Sea region. They departed from here in mid‐March on a fast spring migration up the Atlantic Ocean. The geolocator data revealed unexpected segregation in time and space between tern populations in the same flyway. Terns from the Baltic and Netherlands traveled earlier and to significantly more easterly longitudes in the Indian Ocean and Antarctic zone than terns from Greenland. We suggest an adaptive explanation for this pattern. The global migration system of the arctic tern offers an extraordinary possibility to understand adaptive values and constraints in complex pelagic life cycles, as determined by environmental conditions (marine productivity, wind patterns, low‐pressure trajectories, pack‐ice distribution), inherent factors (flight performance, molt, flocking), and effects of predation/piracy and competition.

  • Balachandran, Chanchal
    et al.
    The Netherlands.
    Wennberg, Karl
    Linköping University.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Jönköping University.
    National culture diversity in new venture boards: the role of founders' relational demography2019In: Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, ISSN 1932-4391, E-ISSN 1932-443XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract/Research Summary: This study explains the conditions underwhich new venture boards are less or more culturallydiverse in terms of their directors' country of birth. Longitudi-nal data on 5,515 Swedish ventures suggest that most direc-tors are recruited from founders' proximate social settings neighborhoods in which they reside and past workplaces and that diversity levels in these social settings strongly predict the national culture diversity in venture boards. Given the rapid internationalization of workplaces and region saround the world, this paper provides important clues regarding how culturally diverse upper echelons are being incorporated into the organizational design of new ventures.

    Managerial Summary: Most New Venture Boards exhibitlimited diversity in terms of their directors' country of birth, as they are drawn from the venture founders' network. Yet,some new venture boards are indeed born diverse. Our study reveals that founders with prior exposure to culturally diverse workplaces and residential neighborhoods are much more likely to design a culturally diverse board at founding. Given the rapid internationalization of workplaces andregions in most countries around the world, our paper provides important clues regarding how national culture diversity in top management emerges and is being incorporatedinto the organizational design of new ventures.

  • Anderson, Lotta
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Möllås, Gunvie
    Jönköping University.
    Ohlsson, Lisbeth
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning grundskola, gymnasium och specialpedagogik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Characteristics of independent schools directed at students in need of special support: a study of school website presentation2019In: Problems of Education in the 21st Century, Vol. 77, no 3, p. 317-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the research was to explore how 55 Swedish independent schools, directed at (or limited to) students in need of special support (SNSS), describe their organisation, work and visions. The empirical data of the research consisted of the schools’ website presentations, which were processed and analysed in consecutive steps. The results showed that the students’ complicated school- and life situations were often combined with disabilities mainly in the neuropsychiatric field. The majority of the schools (76%) practiced both schooling and methods for treatment and care, differentiating their role from the mainstream track. Neuropsychiatric and psychological perspectives had a significant influence, reflected in how the schools describe their daily routines, therapeutic methods of treatment and access to specific categories of staff. Small groups, individual instruction and competent staff were described as specific features. Teaching content and didactic aspects were seldom highlighted. The focus on the websites was on socialisation and subjectification while qualification, i.e. knowledge development, had a more limited role. The study points to a need for further research exploring daily pedagogical practice in more depth and calls for a greater focus on student perspectives. Consequences for learning contexts are discussed in the concluding part of the article. The specialist role, the independent schools in the present study tended to take on are most urgent issues to discuss in an educational context striving for equity and inclusive learning environments. 

  • Chong, Irene
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Grönsaker som har beretts på olika sätt: en studie av grönsaksgillande hos barn2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The intake of vegetables is low in children in Sweden, which means that they do not reach the recommended intake of 500 grams per day. From a sustainability and health perspective, it is important to find out how the intake of vegetables could be increased. Vegetable preparation and texture are important factors that can affect the intake of vegetables in children.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate if the method of preparation affects children's liking of vegetables. With the goal of sustainable eating habits, three different vegetables are examined that have been prepared in four different ways.

    Materials and methods: Vegetables that were used in this study were cucumber, kohlrabi and Chinese radish. In order to find out the children's liking for the vegetables that were prepared in four different ways, a sensory acceptance test was used. The test was performed by 120 students aged 10 to 15 years old.

    Results: Vegetables that were prepared raw were the vegetables that the respondents generally liked the most. In particular, the crispiness of raw vegetables was well-liked, and many children expressed a desire to eat them again. The children liked raw cucumber the most. There was a significant difference between boys and girls regarding the vegetable products which meant that girls had a higher degree of liking regarding the crispness of the vegetables and more frequently stated that they wanted to eat them again. The majority of the children had never heard of kohlrabi or Chinese radish.

    Conclusion: In this study, it has shown that children like raw and crispy vegetables. Non-familiar vegetables such as kohlrabi and radish are more liked when they are raw, but not if they are prepared with non-familiar methods. Preparing vegetables raw, in comparison with the other preparation methods studied, increased children’s liking, which can lead to an increased consumption of vegetables and increase sustainable eating habits and consumption.

  • Plantin Ewe, Linda
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    ADHD symptoms and the teacher–student relationship: a systematic review of literature2019In: Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, ISSN 1363-2752, E-ISSN 1741-2692, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 136-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This systematic review integrates the existing literature regarding relationships that students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) have with their teachers, in mainstream inclusive primary, secondary and high school settings. Theoretical approaches and methodicalchoices were considered in understanding the literature and consideringpossible research areas. The methods used in the reviewed literatureshow that investigations in this research field have predominantly usedquantitative surveys. Several theoretical approaches have been used,with attachment theory the most-prominent. The findings indicate students with ADHD generally feel less close to their teacher than do theirnon-ADHD peers, which agrees with the teachers’ perceptions. Thus,teachers experience less emotional closeness, less co-operation andmore conflicts in their relations with their students with ADHD thanwith other students. Teachers’ rejection of ADHD students poses a riskfactor for not only school failure, but also peer exclusion and rejection,leading to low self-esteem and loneliness.

  • Thorsén, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Digital Design för att främja kommunikation i astmavård: Hur digitala tjänster genom individanpassad information kan komplettera och främja vårdmötet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, 800,000 persons are estimated to live with asthma. There is an ongoing digitization work in the country, to make healthcare more accessible to patients through the use of e-services. E-services intended for asthma care have shown difficulties in promoting communication between patients and the caregiver. E-services have not been considered able to replace the personal contact that a healthcare meeting between the patient and the caregiver offers. Lack of contact with the healthcare can lead to gradual deterioration of asthma symptoms not being detected. It can also lead to a patient-perceived lack of social support, which can lead to poorer mental health for the patient. To explore how e-services for asthma care can be designed in order to, through individualized information, promote and maintain communication between patient and the healthcare provider, in support of good care and patient health, a study divided into three steps has been carried out. The study began with a literature search, was followed by an interview study with open interviews and ended in a concept-driven design process. The interviews were analyzed against previous theories and used together with these as the basis for creating a design concept intended to promote and maintain communication between the patient and the caregiver in asthma care. The design concept, "Astmaportalen” (“The Asthma Portal"), was iteratively created through a concept-driven design method which involved asthma care personnel, asthma patients and informatics students. The concept was manifested in the form of a digital prototype. Evaluations with asthma care personnel and asthma patients demonstrated that the design concept could make a useful contribution to a symbiosis of healthcare meetings on site and digital solutions.

  • Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Germundsson, Lisa
    SLU-Alnarp.
    Lidén, Alina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Collaborative learning and evaluation in the multi-actor context of an innovation intermediary: How can intermediary organisations be understood and developed through the lenses of complexity and learning theories2020In: Farming Systems Facing Climate Change and Resource Challenges, 2020Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Brink, Camilla
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Tankar om talböcker: elevperspektiv på Legimus2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the obstacles and possibilities that can be identified in students’ use of Talking Books and to get a sense of how students perceive teachers' attitudes and skills in this area. The method I used was a questionnaire answered by students in grade 4-9 that has a Legimus account. The result of the questionnaire is presented in tables and diagrams as well as a representative selection of quotes from the respondents. The results are interpreted based on a socio-cultural perspective (Vygotskij, 2001) as well as a theory of stigmatization (Goffman, 2014). In summary, the results show that respondents in this study for the most part are in favour of using Talking Books. They allege that Talking Books make it easier to understand texts and give them the opportunity to experience exciting books that they otherwise would have difficulty reading. Being able to read the same books as their classmates was also considered an important aspect. Despite the positive attitude of the majority of respondents, a number of negative factors was identified, such as the lack of expression in the reciter, the feeling that it is embarrassing to use Talking Books and the sense that their teacher thinks printed books are a better option. When it comes to how respondents perceive teachers’ attitudes and skills within the field, the results show great variations.

  • Kangasmaa, Kristina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Paulsson, Anna
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Organisation av matematikundervisning: speciallärarens roll2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to get an insight in the factors behind how schools in Sweden are organising the teaching of mathematics. What and whom has made the overall decisions, and the advantages and disadvantages with the selected organisation in the perspective of the principal and the special needs coordinator and what part the special needs coordinator is playing in the selected organisation in teaching mathematics. A survey was emailed to the principal of 1027 secondary schools, both compulsory mainstream schools and independent schools in the whole of Sweden. Our survey gave us both quantitative and qualitative empirics regarding the reasons behind the selected form of organisation within mathematics and contact details to 82 of the participating principals and at 32 of these schools there was also a special needs coordinator focusing on mathematics development. The 8 principals who were contacted and the 5 special needs coordinators in mathematics provided deeper understanding to the questions of the study and increased the qualitative empirics .The study shows that out of the 214 replies from different schools approx 50% are teaching mathematics in a complete class of students with one responsible teacher, 20% are using two teacher system, 20% are timetabling classes in parallel and 10% in another or combined form of organisation. A clear pattern that we identified was that the schools regardless of the form of organisation all spent resources on adding extra staff during mathematics lessons, for example another subject teacher, teacher assistant or special needs coordinator. Some schools teach their students in smaller groups, others have extended the number of hours or made mathematics a pupils choice to increase the number of hours in mathematics. The overall aim for the efforts is to make all the students qualified for studies at sixth form.

  • Kaparaye, Jeanine
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Tillgängliga lärmiljöer för elever med NPF: Från Flexenhet till Flexteam2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to elucidate why one of Sweden’s municipalities chose to implement a new way of including students with neuropsychological deficits, especially ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). The municipality decided to offer adapted resource rooms and flexible well-trained teachers to this group of students as a way of ensuring them accessible learning environments. The questions raised in this research are the following: what is the aim of the implementation of this flexible organisation to this group of students? In which ways does this organisation contribute in providing an inclusive learning environment to these students? What are the challenges and areas of improvement within such an organisation? The research method is based on semi-structured interviews with, on the one hand, flexible teachers in two of the municipality’s schools, and on the other hand, the developer of this flexible organisation for this group of students. As theoretical frame, Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory as well as Nilholm’s special education perspectives were used in this study. The results of the research show that this organisation really offers accessible learning environments to this group of students by using the compensatory and critical perspectives. The challenges are that the other teachers need to learn from them in order to be able to really include these students in mainstream regular classes. The long-term goal of this municipality is to see all the students with special needs included in regular classes with the help of flexible teachers, trained in these students’ special needs. The flexible teachers’ mission is to help the other teachers and show them that inclusion of these students in mainstream regular classes is a possible mission.

  • Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    The ambiguous influence of high-stakes testing on science teaching in Sweden2019In: International Journal of Science Education, ISSN 0950-0693, E-ISSN 1464-5289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tests convey messages about what to teach and how to assess. Bothof these dimensions may either broaden or become more uniformand narrow as a consequence of high-stakes testing. This studyaimed to investigate how Swedish science teachers wereinfluenced by national, high-stakes testing in science, specificallyfocusing on instances where teachers’ pedagogical practices werebroadened and/or narrowed. The research design is qualitativethematic analysis of focus group data, from group discussions withSwedish science teachers. The total sample consists of six teachers,who participated in 12 focus group discussion during threeconsecutive years. Findings suggest that the national testsinfluence teachers’ pedagogical practice by being used as asubstitute for the national curriculum. Since the teachers do notwant their students to fail the tests, they implement new contentthat is introduced by the tests and thereby broaden their existingpractice. However, when this new content is not seen as alegitimate part of teachers’ established teaching traditions, theinterpretation and implementation of this content may replicatethe operationalisations made by the test developers, even thoughthese operationalisations are restricted by demands forstandardisation and reliable scoring. Consequently, the testssimultaneously broaden and narrow teachers’ pedagogical practices.

  • Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Langton, Maud
    SLU.
    Mealworms as Food Ingredient—Sensory Investigation of a Model System2019In: Foods, E-ISSN 2304-8158, Vol. 8, p. 1-11, article id 319Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of insects as food is a sustainable alternative to meat and as a protein source is fully comparable to meat, fish and soybeans. The next step is to make insects available for use in the more widespread production of food and meals. Sensory attributes are of great importance in being able to increase the understanding of insects as an ingredient in cooking and production. In this pilot study, mealworms were used as the main ingredient in a model system, where the aim was to evaluate the impact on sensory properties of changing particle size, oil/water ratio and salt content of the insects using a factorial design. Twelve different samples were produced according to the factorial design. Further, the effect of adding an antioxidant agent was evaluated. Sensory analysis and instrumental analyses were performed on the samples. Particle size significantly influenced the sensory attributes appearance, odor, taste and texture, but not flavor, whereas salt content affected taste and flavor. The viscosity was affected by the particle size and instrumentally measured color was affected by particle size and oil content. The addition of the antioxidant agent decreased the changes in color, rancidity and separation.

  • Andersson, Ingela
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Ferlesjö, Emma
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Allas rätt att bli utmanade i skolan: undervisning för och med tidiga språkare2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Already in the early school years and in all school subjects, the language has great importance for development and learning. All children develop differently and the school has a mission to meet and challenge all pupils. The aim of the study is to provide knowledge about how the school can meet and challenge the students who already have a well-developed language when they come to school, something that we choose to call early language speakers, and how the special needs teacher in language, writing and reading development can be involved in this work. The study also highlights how collaboration between staff at the school and school libraries can promote these pupils' language, writing and reading development. The theoretical starting point in the study is socio-cultural perspective. The empirical study has been collected through interviews of a qualitative and semi-structured character with eight respondents. The result shows that teachers and preschool teachers find that they quickly get a clear picture of all pupils' linguistic abilities and who are in need of special challenges. It also appears that teachers and preschool teachers say they have the opportunity to challenge those who have come further in their linguistic development. The group's importance and composition are highlighted as important factors for learning and all respondents emphasize the importance of social work in school. The result also shows that teachers and preschool teachers primarily want supervision from special needs teachers in language, writing and reading development in order to meet the needs of the linguistically early students. The special role of the special needs teacher is an important special educational implication that emerges in the study.

  • Sandelin, Dasha
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Stolthet eller fördom: en studie om svenska konsumenters attityd till svenska viner2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introducion

    Southern Sweden is an emerging wine region. Two things have made wine growing possible on our latitude: slowly rising temperature and new crossings of hereditary grape varieties. Grapes is a culturally new product in the Swedish farming landscape, which requires an introductory period. Consumers in an emerging wine region are faced with a tough choice between more familiar, non-local wines and new locally produced wines. This work is aimed at researching Swedish consumers attitude towards locally produced wines.

    Background

    Despite the importance of understanding new markets, it is often assumed that local residents automatically accept local products. However, this is not always the case. Consumers' attitude to local wines in the emerging wine region is of great value to local wine producers, as their attitude affects whether positive information about new products will spread among potential customers.

    Purpose

    The purpose is to examine Swedish consumers' attitude to Swedish wines.

    Method

    Web survey

    Results

    Result shows that there are more women than men who have tasted Swedish wines. 47% of those who have tasted have positive attitude, 29% did not think it is woth the money and 13% did not like the taste.

    Conclusion

    The majority of respondents have a positive attitude towards Swedish wines.

  • Tuvesson, Clara
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Lu, Kwok
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    The dramaturgy of the audit process: challenges in the social interaction between the auditor and client2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Audit is a bilateral task where the auditors are required to socially interact with their clients during the audit process. The auditor and client may encounter different expectations that could lead to challenges in their social interaction. Thus, the purpose of this study is to explore the challenges in the social interaction between the auditor and client during the audit process. Prior literature has applied versions of agency that are implicitly based on classic contract law and virtually ignored clients as a research object. The original value of this study lies in the adoption of the dramaturgical analysis into the context of audit. This study employs a qualitative research method. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven real auditor-client dyads in Scania, Sweden. The findings suggest that clients are fixated on the price tag of an audit and do not consider the person delivering the audit service. This puts the auditor and client at risk as the findings suggest that the social interaction is important whereby a similarity attraction in sociodemographic space facilities the social interaction. Asset evaluations can create challenges in the social interaction which are solved with residual control stemming from ownership as well as social status. The seven auditor-client dyads in this study deals with their own unique challenges that resulted in seven prototypes. This study fills in a gap in the literature by interviewing and analyzing the auditors’ respective client expectations on one another. To fulfil each other’s diverse expectations, both must embody different roles.

  • Sörberg, Erika
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    "Det är inte du som bestämmer i det här hushållet": framställningen av brottsoffren och gärningspersoner avseende grov kvinnofridskränkning i förundersökningsprotokoll och domar.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Våld i nära relation och grov kvinnofridskränkning är aktuella frågor som har fått stort utrymme i media på senare år. Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka om det framkommer mönster och beskrivningar av hur målsäganden (brottsoffren) och de tilltalade (gärningspersonerna) framställs och beskrivs i förundersökningsprotokoll med tillhörande domar avseende grov kvinnofridskränkning. Tidigare forskning förklarar orsakerna till mäns våld mot kvinnor utifrån olika vetenskaper, så som socioekologiska faktorer, biologiska förklaringar och ur ett könsmaktsperspektiv. Teorierna som använts i den här studien är Nils Christies teori om det ideala brottsoffret och den ideala gärningspersonen samt teorin om genus. Förundersökningsprotokollen och domarna har textanalyserats och diskursanalys har använts för att fokusera på diskurserna och maktrelationerna inom den. Resultatet bekräftar mycket av tidigare forskning främst att majoriteten av gärningspersonerna tenderar att ha ett kontrollerande och svartsjukt beteende och att brottsoffren kunde beläggas skuld för våldet. Samtidigt som teorin om det ideala offret och gärningsperson inte uppfylldes på alla kriterium. En majoritet av brottsoffren hade nämligen det ekonomiska överläget över gärningspersonerna som i flera fall var arbetslösa. Flera av brottsoffren försökte att rädda relationen för att de älskade sina män så innerligt. Kontrollerande gärningspersoner och kärleksfulla brottsoffer.

  • Carlsson, Anna
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Att arbeta inkluderande: inkluderande möjligheter som skapar delaktighet för två elever i grundskolan som läser enligt grundsärskolans kursplan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the work that class teachers, specialist teachers and student assistants do to create participation and inclusion for two students who attend two different main stream schools and read according to the special school curriculum both with developmental disorder and language disorder and one student also diagnosis within autism spectrum disorder.

     

    With methods of observations and interviews, the learning environment has been explored in order to promote the students' participation and opportunity for inclusion, and what Factors for successful inclusion  class teachers, student assistants and specialist teachers describe as favorable for the inclusion of students studying according to the syllabus of the main stream school. From a sociocultural, categorical and relational perspective, the result has been interpreted.

    The study's conclusions suggest that the view and interpretation of the concept of inclusion was important for how the work with the student was performed. The class teachers´ and student assistants' consensus on the included pupil also proved in this study to influence the pupil's participation with other students. All respondents were positive to that the pupil should attend the class, but the class teachers saw their role and responsibility for the teaching in different ways, the student assistants had to take different responsibilities at the two different schools. Specialist teachers focusing on developmental disabilities can be seen as a great benefit as employees in the compulsory school in order to increase the opportunities for students who study according to the special school's syllabus, to be included in an optimal way in compulsory school and to increase understanding and knowledge of class teachers who have integrated students in thier class.

  • Rothman, Emma
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Erlandsson, Jakob
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Potatisfibers inverkan på bröd: hur påverkas deg och bröd av potatisfiberns malningsgrad?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The potato fiber constitutes about 1 % of the weight of the potato and is a residual product in the manufacture of potato starch. Today, several well-known companies add potato fiber to their products. The main reason for this is because the fiber can bind liquid 7–12 times its own weight, which gives an economic advantage.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate how the grind of potato fiber affects selected characteristics in dough and bread, with particularly focus on the storage stability of the bread.

    Method:

    • Pilot tests
    • Observations of dough characteristics
    • Measure of water exchange and bread volume
    • Instrumental color measurement with a colorimeter
    • Sensory evaluation of storage stability

     

    Results: Pilot tests with both grinds of potato fiber showed that when comparing pre-treatments such as scalding, soaking and direct addition into the dough, a direct addition resulted with the most advantages, mainly regarding the softness of the dough. During the observations there was a visible difference in color between the potato fiber loaves and the reference loaf, which was not ensured in the instrumental color measurement. The volume and water retention in the bread was not affected by an addition of potato fiber. The sensory evaluation showed a perceived dryness for bread with added potato fiber (both grinds), when tested against a reference bread. The finely ground fiber affected the storage stability more than the coarse grounded fiber did.

    Conclusion: The grind gave no notable differences on the selected properties of dough and bread. The impact that grind had on dough characteristics and the finished bread were small.

  • Göransson, Julia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Zetterling, Caroline
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Att använda eller att inte använda?: en studie om vilka designaspekter som motiverar elever i lågstadiet till att vilja använda digitala utbildningsspel för matematik2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to examine what motivates students in primary school to use serious games designed for teaching mathematics. From a societal perspective mathematics is important and students need to have knowledge in the subject in order to be able to take part in society after they have graduated. However, studies show that many high school students lack the pre-knowledge that they should have learned in primary school. Previous studies also show that using serious games in mathematics education in school can have a positive impact on the students’ learning outcomes, for example they can learn the pre-knowledge. But it requires that students want to use the serious games. To be able to examine what motivates the students a qualitative approach was chosen. The qualitative approach consisted of a pre-study, a study of four existing serious games, qualitative semi-structured interviews and unstructured observations. During the pre-study, eight key words could be distinguished and highlighted from eleven design principles formulated by Presser et al (2013a), which were used as a theoretical basis for the other methods. The four existing serious games were: King of Math, Nomp, Tiokompisar and IQ Safari Math. The games were chosen because they are all in the puzzle-category and are designed for teaching mathematics at primary level, also three of them are used in mathematics education at primary schools in Sweden today. The results of the study show that to motivate the students to want to use the serious games designers need to take six design aspects into account. The six design aspects are: Instructions, Difficulty, Speed, Goal, Learning and Appearance.

  • Lomryd, Amanda
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Kronvall, Nora
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Vilken komplexitet upplever revisorn vid revidering av mindre komplicerade företag i Sverige?: ur ett International Standards of Auditing (ISA) perspektiv.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has focused on finding reasons to why smaller companies (SMEs) choose voluntary audit. The IAASB has in 2018 suggested a move away from the SME concept and has instead talked about audit of less complex entities. A problematization of using ISA for such entities is the bases for the new IAASB project. An explorative analysis of complexity in the audit of these entities, using ISA, is currently lacking in academic literature.

     

    The study therefore aims to identify the complexity that auditors perceive in the audit of less complex entities in Sweden, using ISA. However, complexity within the auditing industry is still very diffuse and unidentified. Though many of the smaller companies choose to be audited, regulations like ISA are too large for this type of company. We are using interviews to achieve the aim of the study and the legitimacy theory and stakeholder theory to explain complexity. In order to identify where in the process the complexity is perceived, we are basing the research on the audit process.

     

    The result of the study shows that it is challenging to define complexity when conducting an ISA based audit on less complex entities. Although, the results show that complexity exists, or at times, ‘ill-fit’, with ISA for these entities. Thus this thesis finds that there is an increasing demand amongst auditors for a new standard for these entities. The study attempts to contribute with an explanation of complexity, and our expectations are that future research will continue exploring this area.

  • Persson, Emelie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Sörensen, Louise
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    ”Det är en övningsarena för liten och stor”: en intervjustudie kring familjecentralers hälsofrämjande och förebyggande arbete.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Authorities within the health care sector have a big responsibility for public health, where health promotive and preventive work methods applies to achieve a positive public health development. A big public health problem is obesity, which is a large contributing factor to lifestyle diseases that affects both adults and children. In Sweden statistic show that every fifth child is obese. An important arena is family centres which should work for guiding and supporting off families to a better health through informing the families about healthy habits. Purpose: Investigate how three family centres in southern Sweden work health promotive and preventive with families about obesity. Method: The study was performed with help from a qualitative method. Semi-structured interviews with twelve occupational professions got to represent the result. The interviews were transcribed and evaluated with a content analysis. Results: Make healthy living habits visible, guide and educate parents, different working methods, approach to the families were meaningful for the health promotive and preventive work at the family centres. The result also highlighted challenges and difficulties in the family centres work. Conclusion: The theory KASAM could be linked to the work of the family centres, as a sense of context could be important for the work with the families to perceive comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness. The visibility of people´s living habits is best done through a collaboration between several key players. The family centres work is important for the future public health, implementation of resources is therefore important.

  • Dahlberg, Rasmus
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Ouda, Sam
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Mash it up! Make the Physical Store Great Again: an explorative study on store attractiveness2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Because of the digitalization that takes place today, the retailing field has changed dramatically. Customers buy online, mainly because of its convenience. Consequently, brick-and-mortar stores are facing competition from online companies leading to that some brick-and-mortar stores have to file for bankruptcy. The literature states that brick-and-mortar stores now have to focus on what happens inside the store in order to generate a pleasant experience. In this context, three different concepts are crucial namely, omni-channels, retail customer experience and customer value.  A concept that has emerged in order to provide a superior customer experience is Mash-up, which focuses on a mix of offerings in one store. The research question focuses on examining how Mash-up influences retail customer experience and customer value in order to see how Mash-up combined with omni-channels can influence store attractiveness. Data was gathered through semi-structured interviews from customers who visited the retail stores O:Hedd and AB Småland. The results show that Mash-up tends to influence retail customer experience and customer value positively. A series of various integrated activities tend to not only have a positive impact on the retail customer experience, but it also tends to satisfy both hedonic and utilitarian value. It also emerged that omni-channels, in terms of click-and-collect, are highly valued by the customers and it indicates that the digitalization has to be taken into consideration. Thus, Mash-up combined with omni-channels will influence store attractiveness positively. Thereby, by adopting Mash-up and considering omni-channels, brick-and-mortar stores will still stand a chance against online companies.

  • Jusufovska, Sevgi
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Krasniqi, Albana
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Strategiorientering och finansiella bootstrappingmetoder i småföretag: en kvantitativ studie om småföretagares strategiorientering och dess påverkan på val av finansiella bootstrappingmetoder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis aims to explore how strategy orientations influence the choice of financial bootstrapping methods among small firms. Small firms represent 96 percent of all Swedish operating companies and thus represent a significant role in the society. This because they contribute to welfare, since four out of five jobs are created by Swedish small firms. Despite their significant role in the society, they are faced with financial barriers that lead to small firms ending up in a so called financial gap. To get out of the financial gap, small firms are forced to find alternative financing methods. The alternative financing methods are called financial bootstrapping methods, which have become crucial for the survival of small firms. The strategy orientation in small firms is considered to affect the choise of financial bootstrapping methods. Thus, the study covers small business strategy orientation which has been identified based on Miles and Snow’s typology.

    A quantitative research approach with a positivist research philosophy has been the bases of the study which enables the result to be generalized. The survey included 84 Swedish small firms that contributed to the results of this study. Finally, the results of this study are that prospectors are positively related to the use of the owner-related and minimizing bootstrapping methods. While defenders are positively related to the use of the relationship-oriented bootstrapping method.

  • Kågebäck, Maria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Delaktighet av grundsärskoleelever i skolbloggar2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to contribute with knowledge of about how teachers and other staff in the schools experience and use school blogs in classes where children has learning disabilities. The study clarifies patterns, methods and approaches which promotes the participation of students with different degrees of disability in the development of the school blog. The background for the study is based on my own experiences from working with children with disabilities and their school blogs and from discussions with university colleagues. Further impact of the study is based on literature, national and international science and theoretical concepts of participation. The theoretical concepts that were included in the study was Harts (1992) participation ladder and Szönyi and Söderqvist Dunkers (2015) participation model. The study contained a questionnaire that was developed to enable qualitative analyses. The result revealed that the pupils possibility to participate in the production of the school blogg was depending on the school workers ability to handle authority and ethics. The results and previous research also shows that school blogs needs to have support from the school administration so that schools has common prerequisites for school blogs. When common prerequisites was used pupils were more involved in the school blog development.

  • Emanuelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    D'Arcy, Petra
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Framgångssagor: berättelser om att lyckas i matematik2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze which factors affects the development of knowledge, and the motivation of mathematic students with difficulties in mathematics in upper secondary school. Studies presented in this work shows that within motivation there are several factors which influence and together they have a huge impact upon students learning. The theoretical perspective which this study use is that motivation can be separated into intrinsic and extrinsic factors which influences individuals. The intrinsic factors we studied are mathematical anxiety, self-confidence and the inner goals which originates from within the student. The extrinsic factors we studied are learning environment, teaching and the relational perspective, where teacher-student relationships are fundamental for all education and learning cannot take place without it. As a method, we used semi structured interviews where a total of eight students in upper secondary school were interviewed individually at one occasion. All of the students are perceived by their teachers to have done remarkable progress in mathematics during the time they have studied in upper secondary school, as they have gone from having mathematical difficulties to be able to participate and to be active in the mathematics education. When the results were analyzed, we understood that students today are in a preferable learning environment which to a greater extent is more accessible for students, therefore their ability to learn mathematics has improved. The teaching now is better structured, distinct and also more formative. Several respondents now also have an achievement goal varying between higher grades, better knowledge and/or to be qualified for higher studies. At the same time the respondents experience better teacher-student relations and perceive their teachers as being more supportive, genuinely more interested to teach and committed to the success of the students. The teachers have had a huge impact to restore the respondent’s self-confidence in mathematics.

  • Henriksson, Clara
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Kubiak, Karolina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    The unknown brand of the Swedish Armed Forces: a case study of how the SAF's brand image coheres to its brand identity and how it might influence its employer attractiveness2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on the case of the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) since the organization has struggled with its recruitment and brand building. The purpose of the study is to approach the coherence between brand image and brand identity through an employer branding perspective. More specifically, it aims to explore how this interplay might influence the employer attractiveness of an organization. The research is based on a qualitative case study. Furthermore, previous research regarding brand identity, brand image and employer branding constitutes the basis of the developed conceptual model. The empirical material was gathered through semi-structured interviews with current SAF employees and semi-structured focus groups with potential employees. Findings indicate the brand image did not cohere with the brand identity and that the potential employees had a more negative perception of the employer. However, the potential employees’ who had relatives who work for the SAF had a positive attitude towards the organization and perceived the workplace as more attractive. This study has contributed with an additional perspective on employer branding since there is little research within the field. 

  • Alex, Bengtsson
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Fanny, Sundquist
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Doing Well by Avoiding Bad: consumers' Perceptions of CSR and the Effect on Consumer-Based Brand Equity2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem Formulation: The clothing industry is characterised by fierce competition and booming growth. Since the start of the century, clothing consumption has increased tremendously. While consumers are demanding more clothes at cheaper prices, interest for sustainable sourced clothes is also on the rise, especially amongst the younger population. Thus, engaging in CSR could offer potential brand advantages for companies competing in the clothing industry.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to explain the relationship between consumers’ perceptions of the organisational actions that are perceived as “doing good”, “avoiding bad” and “doing bad”, and Consumer-Based Brand Equity.

    Methodology: This thesis adopts a quantitative research method with questionnaires distributed physically at universities and shared in student Facebook-groups. The data collected from the questionnaire consists of 205 valid answers from students at Swedish universities.

    Findings/Conclusions: The findings based on multiple regression analyses on the results of the distributed questionnaire suggest that organisational actions that are perceived as “avoiding bad” can positively affect Consumer-Based Brand Equity. Furthermore, the findings did not support that engagement in activities that are perceived as “doing bad” is detrimental to Consumer-Based Brand Equity, nor that philanthropic activities that are perceived as “doing good” positively affect Consumer-Based Brand Equity.

  • Hammarlund, Tim
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Sjunnesson, Viktor
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business.
    Where do we draw the line?: how far different cultures are willing to adopt the concept of the sharing economy2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent decades a new type of economic system based on collaborative consumption has increased in popularity. The new cost competitive model challenges the traditional business model that has fueled the hyper consumption, which the 20th century is known for. This research focuses on how national cultures impact the development of this new economic system, in order to understand how much people of different cultures are willing to share. A conceptual model was created to try to understand cultural influence on sharing. Hofstede’s cultural dimensions have been used to measure and compare the empirical data, that was collected through five focus groups representing four different countries: Sweden, France, China and United States. Out of the six cultural dimensions, it was found that the indulgence dimension together with power distance might influence people’s willingness to share. Indulgence was also found to explain socialization as a motivational factor together with power distance and long-term orientation. In conclusion, four different sharing sectors were analyzed, and it was found that transportation and clothing was considered shareable, disregarding national culture. Accommodation might be dependent on national culture since the focus groups that were supposed to be indulgent showed resistance to share, while the restraint groups showed a greater willingness. Technology was not considered shareable by any group. Furthermore, three motivational factors, that might be depend on national culture, was identified. These are environment, socialization and technology. An additional four motivational factors were identified, but these might be independent of national culture. These four are personal, economical, trust/safety and convenience. Lastly, additional findings showed that similar genders have similar willingness to share across cultures which makes it a topic of interest for future research. 

  • Wikdahl, Johanna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Witting, Katarina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Minde the Gap: en fallstudie om framgångsfaktorer och delaktighet vid övergångar mellan skolmiljöer.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Preschool, preschool class and comprehensive school are separate forms of schooling in Sweden. As a consequence, Swedish children experience two transitions between three school forms in little more than a year’s time. The aim of this qualitative study is to provide a better understanding of successful transitions. The study data is based on semi-structured interviews and the sample consists of both teachers and pupils. The study is based on a sociocultural theory with inspiration from Wenger´s model of learning and Wengers-Trayners theory of situated learning and community of practice. All three frameworks´ focus is on the environments importance for the students learning and learning as a process of participation in communities of practice. Results show that the students see themselves as active participants in their own development and learning but they interpret participation differently. The teachers, on the other hand, agreed upon what constitutes learning as well as the content in the education. But when the pupil transit between settings, the teachers do not exchange knowledge, experiences and information about said content, nor successful working methods. Instead, the focus is put on the pupil as an individual. In order to promote continuity for all pupils experiencing transitions between settings, it is important that there is a shared approach between all professionals involved. Here, a teacher with a Postgraduate Diploma in Special Educational Needs could help align practice and bridge the gap.

  • Lundberg, Charlott
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Karlstedt, Johanna
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    "Förtroende är bra, kontroll är bättre": en kritisk diskursanalys av kvällspressens framställning av polisen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska polisens dödsskjutningar av civila har ökat med drygt 100 % sedan 2010, av denna anledning väcktes intresset för att se hur 2018 års dödsskjutningar framställs av kvällspressen med hänsyn till det senmoderna samhället vi lever i.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur två kvällstidningar rapporterar om polisens dödsskjutningar av civila mot bakgrund av senmoderniteten, därför används Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys.

    Under analysens gång har fyra diskurser identifierats: ansvars-, osäkerhets-, offer-, och rättsdiskurs och samtliga av dessa diskurser kan kopplas till senmoderniteten. Vidare visar analysen att kvällstidningarnas sätt att rapportera om polisens dödsskjutningar av civila är i huvudsak bidragande till den bredare sociala praktiken, det vill säga senmoderniteten.

  • Olsson, Viktoria
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Hessle, Anna
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Stenberg, Elin
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Karlsson, Anders H.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Arvidsson-Segerkvist, Katarina
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Sensory characteristics of meat from steers of various breeds and rearing intensities2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The most common category of young cattle slaughtered for beef in Sweden is bulls of dairy breed, most often reared indoors. There is however a potential in raising steers (castrated bulls) for slaughter on semi-natural pasture, which may have an impact on sensory properties of the meat. Furthermore, weight gain and carcass characteristics may be improved by crossing dairy breeds with specialised beef breeds. In combination with the new technique of sex-sorted dairy semen, beef breed semen can be used to the less superior cows in the herd without jeopardizing an adequate number of replacement heifers from the superior cows. The aim of the study was to investigate whether there are any differences in sensory meat quality between cross bred and purebred cattle and between two rearing intensities including semi-natural pasture. Sensory properties were evaluated by a trained, analytical panel consisting of six assessors by the use of descriptive analysis. The intensity of iron, acidic, tallow, milky and barny odour as well as metallic, barny and gamey flavour and basic tastes were assessed in triplicate along with attributes describing the appearance and texture of the meat. Differences were mainly found in appearance and texture attributes, but also gamey flavour and the intensity of umami were affected by the rearing and breeding regimes. The meat quality results from this study will be combined with results from other disciplines such as animal science, business administration and environmental science. It is important to be able to demonstrate various possible added values that comes from pasture-based beef production systems under Swedish conditions.

  • Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Mårtensson, Lennart
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Sensory quality of drinking water in relation to chemical and microbiological composition2019In: 13th Pangborn Sensory Scinece Symposium, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well known that tap water tastes different due to where the water is tapped, ie its chemical and microbiological compositions. Taste competitions have been performed in different countries to find out the most preferred tap water. With some few exceptions, no studies have been performed in which the taste of tap water is objectively described by analytical sensory methods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate quality of Swedish drinking water from different dwells with emphasis on sensory, chemical and microbiological analyses.

     

    Tap water origin from surface water and from groundwater was collected from the Swedish municipalities Svalöv and Kristianstad. The water samples were collected in 3 points in each municipality: 1. waterworks; 2. near waterworks; 3. far from waterworks. In addition the commercial water Evian was included in the analyses. Analytical sensory analyses (triangle test and quantitative descriptive analysis) were performed along with chemical and microbiological standard analyses according to Swedish drinking water standards.

     

    The results from the triangle test showed significant sensory differences between tap water from surface water and groundwater, as well as in surface water samples collected in different points. The descriptive analysis showed large differences in the perception of bitterness, minerals and off flavours. The perceived differences are in line with earlier studies pointing out inorganic ions as responsible for the taste sensations. The chemical analyses showed that the major difference between the two types of tap water was a higher mineral content and higher alkalinity in the groundwater compared to the surface water. The microbiological analyses did not show any measurable concentrations in any of the samples. There is a need for further research of chemical and microbiological effects on the flavour of tap water, with focus on microorganisms and chemical compounds in low concentrations.

  • Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Gerberich, Johanna
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Birch, Karina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. karina.birch@hkr.se .
    Berg, Johan
    RISE.
    Langton, Maud
    SLU.
    Davidsson, Fredrik
    Geoloc.
    Stuffe, Sofia
    Atria.
    Andersson, Peter
    Solina Group.
    Rask, Susanne
    Solina Group.
    Cedergardh, Fanny
    TetraPak.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Insects as food: a pilot study for industrial production2019In: 13th Pangborn Sensory Science Symposium, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the many papers reporting on disgust factors of eating insects in Western cultures, the interest of insects as food is increasing, not least because they are nutritious, sustainable and tasty! The time has come to take the next step by making insects available not only as delicious restaurant food, but also for industrial production of foods and meals based on insects. The sensory attributes are of greatest importance to increase understanding of insects as a main ingredient in production and shelf life.

     

    By the use of factorial designs with mealworms as main ingredient, the aim was to evaluate the sensory impact of additions such as salt, oil/water and antioxidant agent. Also the impact of particle size of the mealworms was evaluated.

    Cooked fresh mealworms cut or ground into different particle sizes, oil, water, salt and rosemary were blended according to a factorial design. The resulting products were evaluated by descriptive sensory analysis in addition to instrumental measurements of viscosity and colour. Nutritional contents were calculated. 

    Results showed that particle size of the mealworms had a great impact, ie an increased particle size increased the yellowness and the perceived coarseness. Further, both viscosity and crispiness increased. An increased particle size also meant a decreased odour, probably due to decreased exposure of particle surface. Increased salt content did, as expected, increase saltiness. It also increased the nutty flavour, probably due to the polarity of Sodium Chloride. Different ratios of oil/water did not seem to impact the sensory properties. With reference to the anti-oxidative effects of carnosic acid and carnosol, addition of rosemary had a significant impact on shelf life in terms of decreased rancidity and colour changes. All samples were high in protein content.

     

    All factors, but especially particle size of the mealworm fraction, influenced the sensory attributes.