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  • Haraldsson, Frida
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Peric, Sonja
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Drivers and motivations for second-hand shopping: A study of second-hand consumers2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, second-hand products have received more attention and the demand for secondhand products has increased. In line with the demand for second-hand products, ethical consumption has also increased. There have been earlier studies done on ethical consumption and the drivers of its consumers. Meanwhile, there is a lack in the research regarding what it is that drives and motivates consumers to purchase second-hand products. The purpose of this study was to explore what drives and motivates consumers to shop second-hand products. The study used a qualitative method. The data was collected through interviews with employees and volunteers at second-hand stores, and through a focus group with second-hand customers. The empirical findings show that there are various drivers and motivations for second-hand consumption. However, there are some drivers and motivations which are more common than others. The conclusion is that consumers are motivated and driven by various factors. They are motivated by consumer responsibility, decrease of impulse purchases and reference groups. They are driven by dissonance, self-fulfillment, thrill of the hunt and finding unique products.

  • Ennen, Maximilian
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Persson, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Riskprofilering inom förmögenhetsrådgivning och privatrådgivning: En studie inom banksektorn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's largest banks offer financial advice regarding the customer’s wealth. Wealth management advises bank customers who hold large capital where the size varies between the banks. Private advisers provide consulting to bank customers who do not qualify for wealth management. What both wealth managers and private advisors have in common is the creation of customer risk profiles that are made before any financial advice is given. The key impact factors in this paper are regulation, control systems, customer demographic attributes, professionalism and the advisor as an individual. It has previously been studied how different factors may affect general risk setting but not focusing on the professions of wealth managers and private advisors and the comparison between them. The purpose of this paper is how the various factors may affect the risk profile from wealth management in comparison to private advising. Two hypotheses have been constructed from the purpose of this paper and the theory’s that are included. This essay uses a positivistic approach and a deductive approach, in which data has been gathered through a questionnaire survey for studying the purpose of this paper. The result cannot show that the factors affect the risk profile set by the financial advisors and the hypotheses where therefore rejected. However, there is an indication that wealth managers have higher precision in determining the client's risk tolerance. Another indication is also that wealth managers overestimate the client's risk tolerance compared to private advisors. The research conclusions indicate that the advisor's professionalism and the adviser as an individual influence the risk profile that wealth managers and private advisor’s determents for the customers. Finally, the study contributes to a discussion of differences between wealth managers and private advisors when they determent the customers risk profile. The idea of this study has contributed to new thoughts about the essay concepts.

  • Berg, Joel
    et al.
    Bremberg, Julia
    Internrevisionens roll: En studie om hur internrevisionen samverkar med företagsledningen och externrevision2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Internrevisionen påverkar interna och externa intressenter till företaget. Två intressenter som bland annat påverkas är företagsledningen och externrevisionen. För att internrevisionen ska ge önskad effekt är det viktigt att den håller sig objektiv gentemot företaget. Därför är det viktigt att internrevisionen inte påverkas av företagsledningens mål och incitament. Internrevision av hög kvalité kan bidra till externrevisionen, eftersom externrevisionen kan använda sig av internrevisionens arbete vid granskningen av företaget. Detta väcker vårt intresse för att utforska hur internrevisionen samverkar med företagsledningen och externrevision, samt vad internrevisionens roll är i företaget.

    Syftet med studien är att utifrån internrevisionens och företagsledningens perspektiv utforska hur internrevisionen samverkar med företagsledningen och externrevision. Genom att studera hur de samverkar kan en förståelse för internrevisionens roll i företaget skapas.

    Studien har en deduktiv ansats med inslag av induktion. Med utgångspunkt från tidigare forskning kring internrevisionens roll, samt intressent- och agentteorin, har olika faktorer som påverkar internrevisionens samverkan med företagsledningen och externrevision identifierats. För att skapa förståelse kring faktorerna utförs en kvalitativ studie baserad på semi-strukturerade intervjuer.

    Slutsatsen av studien är att internrevisorn och företagsledningen arbetar nära varandra och kommunicerar kontinuerligt. De strävar efter att arbeta mot samma mål för att tillsammans förbättra företagets verksamhet. Internrevisionens samverkan med externrevisionen visar att de har mest kontakt när den externa revisionen utförs, men att externrevisionen använder sig av internrevisionens arbete. Slutsatsen visar också att internrevisionens roll innebär att hålla företaget inom ramarna för interna och juridiska krav, samt att internrevisionen bidrar till en effektiv verksamhet.

  • Lucchesi, Patrik
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Identification of risk factors contributing to venous thromboembolism by Ion Torrent sequencing using an AmpliSeq strategy2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common cardiovascular disease that frequently recurs and is associated with significant numbers of death annually. The influence of the hereditary risk factors is not yet firmly established but twin and family studies suggest that heritability is about 50%. Several genetic risk factors have been identified by genomeHwide association studies (GWAS) but they do not explain all of the missing heritability of VTE. NextHgeneration sequencing (NGS) has revolutionized the genetic analysis of disease and has been used to discover the genes underlying unsolved Mendelian disorders. It has also been used to identify rare alleles which may help explain the missing heritability for complex diseases. The study population of this study consisted of 32 randomly chosen VTE patients from the MATSHstudy (Malmö Thrombophilia Study). The seventeen genes that in earlier studies have been shown to be associated with VTE were examined and the identified VTEHrelated mutations were compared to the general population. The results showed that Ion TorrentHsequencing effectively provided good coverage and read depth in all of the sequenced genes. Optimization of the primer panels resulted in higher and more balanced coverage and the quality of the results in this study was on an overall high level. A total of 215 variants were detected – 62 in exons, 8 in splice and 145 in introns. One Mendelian mutation was detected in PROC and rare variants were found in F2 and FGG. The most common risk factor (F5 Leiden) was highly enriched with 25% in this study compared to 3% in a background population.

  • Ackzén, Beata
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Tuvesson, Clara
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Revisorers välbefinnande i ett kommunikationssamhälle med fokus på digitaliseringens påverkan: en kvantitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjukskrivningarna har ökat markant under de senaste åren på grund av psykisk ohälsa och stress på arbetsplatsen. En bidragande orsak är den ökade digitaliseringen som medför att mängden kommunikationssätt ökar. Detta leder till ständiga avbrott under arbetet av inkommande kommunikationssignaler, vilket gör att många känner att de inte hinner med de viktigaste arbetsuppgifterna. Vårt syfte är att undersöka hur kommunikationssättet skärm till skärm påverkar revisorers välbefinnande. Tidigare forskning tyder på att människor mår bra av sociala relationer och interaktioner med andra människor och att detta har en positiv effekt för individers välbefinnande. För att testa våra hypoteser har en enkät skickats ut till samtliga godkända och auktoriserade revisorer i Sverige. Resultatet visar att ökningen av kommunikationssättet skärm till skärm i samband med digitaliseringen inte behöver vara negativ för revisorers välbefinnande. Kommunikation via mejl kan ha en positiv effekt för revisorers välbefinnande i form av den kvalitet som uppnås. Resultatet visar även att kommunikationssättet telefon har visat sig ha en positiv effekt för revisorers välbefinnande. Dessa resultat kan vara till nytta för arbetsgivare att ta del av för att på så sätt kunna få sina medarbetare att uppleva ett högre subjektivt välbefinnande genom rätt sorts kommunikation. En begränsning med studien är att urvalet endast består av godkända och auktoriserade revisorer. Ett förslag på framtida forskning är att studera hela revisorskontexten för att kunna göra mer generaliserande antaganden. Ett annat förslag på framtida forskning är att använda en kvalitativ metod för att få ta del av respondenternas åsikter djupare.

  • Feratovic, Amra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Olsson, Lina
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    En revisors trovärdiga image2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En revisors trovärdiga image är ett viktigt ämne att studera eftersom revisorer måste veta vad som krävs för att de ska framstå som trovärdiga inom revisionsbranschen. Det är även särskilt viktigt ur ett individperspektiv, där olika individers personligheter kan påverka vad som anses vara en trovärdig image. Syftet med följande studie är att förklara hur attribut och demografiska aspekter bestämmer en revisors trovärdighet, samt hur individers personlighet påverkar en revisors trovärdighet. Detta syfte kan bidra till en ökad förståelse kring vilka olika aspekter som definierar en revisors trovärdiga image, främst för de som söker sig eller har tänkt söka sig till revisionsbranschen men även för de som utbildar blivande revisorer. Vid en bredare kunskap kan revisionsbyråer som ska rekrytera och anställa ha vad som gör en revisor trovärdig i åtanke. För att kunna besvara syftet har en kvantitativ studie genomförts där datainsamlingsmetoden består av en pappersbaserad enkät. Resultatet av undersökningen är att en revisors trovärdiga image speglas utifrån många olika faktorer, vilka i denna studie är i form av attribut och demografiska aspekter. Vidare anses individers olika personligheter, i detta fall extroverta och introverta personer, påverka i en viss grad vad som anses göra en revisor trovärdig, taget endast attribut. Genom en explorativ faktoranalys har en revisors trovärdiga image, baserat på attribut, delats i in i fyra komponenter. Dessa är Kunskap och Tillgänglighet, Utåtriktad, Inåtvänd samt Kontroll. Resultatet av detta visar att personligheten påverkar tre av dessa fyra komponenter.

  • Ottosson, Maria
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Stuhre, Annika
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Barns delaktighet: en kvalitativ studie kring utvecklingen av mellanmål i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning: Flertal barn spenderar mycket tid på förskolan i Sverige, vilket innebär att de äter flera mål mat där om dagen. Barnen har rätt till att uttrycka sina åsikter och de vuxna ska ta det i beaktande. Maten och måltiderna är en central del av deras tillvaro på förskolan och därför viktiga att få påverka och ha inflytande över. Syfte: Hur kan barn göras delaktiga i att utveckla och förbättra mellanmålsalternativen på förskolan? Material och metod: En kvalitativ studie med 5-6 åriga barn har gjorts, där barnen har ritat och diskuterat sitt favoritmellanmål i fokusgrupper. Sedan har ett sensoriskt gillandetest gjorts på nyutvecklade mellanmål där recepten grundar sig på barnens favoritmellanmål. Resultat: När barnen uttrycker vad ett gott mellanmål är så är det främst smaken de utgår ifrån och till viss del utseendet. Favoritmellanmålet är pannkakor och de mest omtyckta smakerna är jordgubbe, vanilj och banan. Det sensoriska gillandetestet visade att barnen kunde bedöma mellanmålen med hjälp av smileys. Slutsats: Ett gott mellanmål för barnen smakar bra och ser tilltalande ut. Barn kan göras delaktiga genom att på olika sätt uttrycka sig via olika visuella metoder och tycka till om mellanmålen genom att använda smileys. Dock kan det finnas utmaningar och svårigheter med att göra barnen delaktiga då det kan vara svårt att tolka och få fram deras idéer och synpunkter samt att barnens önskningar inte alltid överensstämmer med hur näringsinnehållet bör vara, men genom att använda flera visuella metoder kan de uttrycka sina åsikter och göras delaktiga.

  • Beck, Ingela
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Olsson Möller, Ulrika
    Lund University.
    Malmström, Marlene
    Lund University.
    Klarare, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Samuelsson, Henrik
    Palliative Care Unit, Ystad.
    Lundh Hagelin, Carina
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Rasmussen, Birgit
    Lund University .
    Fürst, Carl Johan
    Lund University .
    Translation and cultural adaptation of the Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale including cognitive interviewing with patients and staff2017In: BMC Palliative Care, ISSN 1472-684X, E-ISSN 1472-684X, Vol. 16, no 1, 49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: To expand our clinical and scientific knowledge about holistic outcomes within palliative care, there is a need for agreed-upon patient-reported outcome measures. These patient-reported outcome measures then require translation and cultural adaptation, either from country-specific languages to English, or the other way around. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale (IPOS) to the Swedish care context.

    METHODS: Swedish versions of IPOS Patient and IPOS Staff were developed and culturally adapted using recommended guidelines including cognitive interviews with patients (n = 13) and staff (n = 15) from different care contexts including general and specialised palliative care.

    RESULTS: The comprehension and judgement difficulties identified in the pre-final patient and staff versions were successfully solved during the cognitive interviewing process. IPOS was well accepted by both patients and staff, none of the questions were experienced as inappropriate, and all questions were judged important.

    CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we translated and culturally adapted the patient and staff versions of IPOS, and demonstrated face and content validity and acceptability of the scale through cognitive interviewing with patients and staff within residential care facility, surgical and specialised palliative home care units. Cognitive interviewing in parallel with patients and staff in rounds, with tentative analysis in between, was a suitable method for identifying and solving challenges with comprehension and evaluation in the pre-final version of IPOS. The Swedish IPOS is now available for use in a variety of clinical care settings.

  • Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Rosenlund, David
    Malmö högskola.
    Alvén, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola.
    Complement or contamination: a study of the validity of multiple-choice items when assessing reasoning skills in physics2017In: Frontiers in education - Assessment, Testing and Applied Measurement, Vol. 2, 48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the validity of using multiple-choice (MC) itemsas a complement to constructed-response (CR) items when making decisions about student performance on reasoning tasks. CR items from a national test in physics have been reformulated into MC items and students’ reasoning skills have been analyzed in two substudies. In the first study, 12 students answered the MC items and were asked to explain their answers orally. In the second study, 102 students from five randomly chosen schools answered the same items. Their answers were scored, and the frequencyof correct answers was calculated for each of the items. The scores were then compared to a sample of student performance on the original CR items from the national test. Findings suggest that results from MC items might be misleading when making decisions about student performance on reasoning tasks, since students use other skills when answering the items than is intended. Results from MC items may also contributeto an overestimation of students’ knowledge in science.

  • Ruse, Vidal
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Hue combinations in web design for Swedish and Thai users: Guidelines for combining color hues onscreen for Swedish and Thai users in the context of designing web sites2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Users can assess the visual appeal of a web page within 50 milliseconds and color is the first thing noticed onscreen. That directly influences user perception of the website, and choosing appealing color combinations is therefore crucial for successful web design. Recent scientific research has identified which individual colors are culturally preferred in web design in different countries but there is no similar research on hue combinations. Currently no effective, scientifically based guidelines on combining hues for web designers exist either, since recent research by Ou et al and Szabo et al, among others, proves the classic color harmonies invalid. Therefore this study aims to identify guidelines for culturally appropriate hue combination in context of web design. The study is limited to culturally appropriate combining of hues in Thai and Swedish web design.

  • Broman, Johanna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Lundin, Patricia
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    CRM systems management and use: From retail stores perspective2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore how stores in the retail sector and in business to consumers´ relations, are engaged in the CRM systems use and management. The purpose is also to see if the information that is gathered by the headquarters is transferred down to the stores.

     

    The research follows a realistic philosophy combined with an abductive approach and a qualitative method. The choice of design to this research was an exploratory research combined with a case study strategy over a cross-sectional time horizon. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews with managers in the six different retail stores.   

     

    The findings from this thesis showed various results when it came to the use of the CRM system and the amount of information that the stores got access to from the headquarter/partner. None of the stores managed their CRM systems themselves, it was only managed by the headquarters or partners of the retail chains. The amount of information that was transferred down from the headquarters or partners, affected how much the stores used the CRM system. The stores that got much information had more knowledge about the CRM system and used it a lot more than stores that got less information.

     

    The limitations that can be found in this thesis is that it is only a small amount of stores within the retail market that has been examined, this might give a misleading result for the rest of the retail market and the global market as whole.

  • Hansson, Josefin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Hånell, Nicole
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Analys av gymnasieelevers frukostvanor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When studying it's important to be able to concentrate properly to profit from the education. By eating a healthy breakfast it is possible to increase one's concentration and performance capabilities. Therefore it’s essential to start the day with a healthy breakfast. To allow for a comparison of healthiness of the breakfasts the Nordic Nutritional Recommendations stop light has been used to classify the healthiness of the food.

    The study included 155 high school students from different education programs, whom answered a survey regarding their breakfast. The aim of the study was to investigate if students studying collage preparing programs have healthier eating habits than those studying vocational programs. It also aims to measure how healthy the breakfasts are.

    The result shows that the proportion of students not eating breakfast are approximately one fourth and there was no difference between the different student groups. The study shows that those studying collage preparing programs eats significantly more healthy products. The average student ate relatively the same amount of products in the three categories, good, average and bad. This suggest that the students need to lower their intake of the products considered bad and increase the intake of the good products. 

  • Lind, Amanda
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Johnsson Franzén, Minna
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Digitaliseringens förändring av relationen mellan revisor och kund: sett ur ett revisors- och kundperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Digitaliseringen är en av samhällets mest uppmärksammade förändringar och ett flertal studier har gjorts i takt med dess utveckling. Förändringskraften är stor inom en mängd olika företag och däribland även revisionsbyråerna. Förutom omställningen till en mer automatiserad bransch och förändrad yrkesroll, ligger en stor utmaning i att kommunicera med kunderna under denna förändringsprocess. Majoriteten av tidigare forskning har en inriktning på den digitala utvecklingens förändring av revisorn med fokus på arbetsprocessen och har i princip uteslutit förändringen ur ett kundperspektiv.

    Syftet med denna studie är att utifrån ett revisors- och kundperspektiv, utforska digitaliseringens utveckling inom revisionsbranschen med fokus på förändringen av samarbete, kommunikation, relationskvalitet samt tillförlitlighet mellan revisor och kund. Studiens forskningsfråga är således: Hur har digitaliseringens utveckling förändrat revisorns och kundens relation till varandra samt hur upplevs denna förändring av båda parter?

    I studien används ett tolkande angreppssätt för att skapa förståelse för förändringen av revisorns relation till kunden utifrån upplevelser. I enlighet med studiens hermeneutiska synsätt utförs en kvalitativ undersökning baserad på semi-strukturerade intervjuer.

    Slutsatsen i denna studie är det faktum att digitaliseringens utveckling har förändrat revisionsbranschen inom ett flertal olika aspekter och därmed i stor omfattning förändrat relationen mellan revisor och kund. Den mängd samt på vilket sätt digitaliseringen har förändrat relationen skiljer sig åt beroende på revisorns respektive kundens perspektiv. 

  • Christensson, Lucas
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Svensson, Oskar
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    The important part is that we have established a relationship, then we can conduct business: Cultural conflicts and dilemmas in international business2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recent literature state that the relationship between buyers and sellers has gained more and more importance in business-to-business segments. The distribution of products may even end up in the shadow of these important relationships. The statement, of increased need for relationship marketing, is proven more tangible in cross-border interactions and communications. Managers who are maintaining and establishing international accounts have to acknowledge cultural differences, norms and preferences when keeping their international key accounts satisfaction. However, the practice around how cultural diversity implement the relationship process is something that could be further explored. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to explore cultural conflicts and dilemmas in manager’s relations with international key accounts.The thesis has a phenomenological approach, which aims at exploring personal business experiences of managers in practice. Thus, the aim is not to make general assumptions about either KAM, RM or business culture. The thesis is developed through five separate interviews with managers of different gender, practice and targeted customer culture. We mainly used Hofstede's (2017) framework when analyzing and discussing the implication of business culture on international relationships. Several strategies, both personal and business oriented, where noticed as a result of international and intercultural business collaborations. The result shows how complex the subject of business culture is and how limitations of managing cultural diversity can lead to conflicts and dilemmas.

  • Persson, Viktoria
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Lindberg, Maria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Framgångsfaktorer för implementeringsarbetet med extra anpassningar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med studien är att belysa hur ett framgångsrikt arbete med implementering av extra anpassningar kan se ut. Mer preciserat belysa vad rektorns och specialpedagogens roll i implementeringsarbetet med extra anpassningar är samt vilka framgångsfaktorerna är i ett lyckat implementeringsarbete. Utgångspunkten är de tre skolor som 2016 blev godkända i Skolinspektionens kvalitetsgranskning för sitt arbete med extra anpassningar. Inspiration har hämtats av Senges (2004) systemteori ”De fem disciplinerna” för att tolka resultaten. Studien bygger på en triangulering som innefattar både kvalitativ metod, intervju online, samt kvantitativ metod, webbenkät. Med hjälp av dessa har arbetet och resultatet med implementering av extra anpassningar, på de tre av Skolinspektionen godkända skolorna, synliggjorts. Sammanfattningsvis visar resultatet av undersökningen att rektor har varit ansvarig ledare som läst in sig på materialet kring extra anpassningar och möjliggjort för ett implementeringsarbete på skolorna för att frigöra tid för fortbildning, handledning och kollegialt lärande. Specialpedagogen spelar en stor roll som förändringsagent genom att vidarebefordra kunskap och implementera den i verksamheten. Studien visar på framgångsfaktorer som kollegialt lärande, rutiner, tydlighet och struktur, kompetensutveckling, tydligt arbetsmaterial, utvärdering, ”låta det ta tid” samt den personliga inställningen. Studiens resultat har visat på liknande mönster hos de tre olika skolorna som kan jämföras med implementeringsteorin. Därför kan resultatet användas i arbetet med implementering av de extra anpassningarna, men även överföras på liknande processer.

  • Gardelach, Catarina
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Specialpedagogik, med datorn som verktyg: en möjlighet tilll ökat elevengagemang för skolarbetet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att belysa hur datorprogrammet OneNote kan användas för att stimulera elevers engagemang för skolarbetet.

    Hur kan OneNote användas som ett alternativt specialpedagogiskt utbildningsprogram?

    Vad säger den senaste forskningen om datorn som verktyg i skolan och i specialundervisningen?

    I studiens teoretiska ramverk används forskaren Puentedura SAMR-modell för att analysera en arbetsmodell utvecklad i OneNote. Studien beskriver hur OneNote kan användas samt hur ett utbildningsprogram kan vara uppbyggt och tar även upp de svårigheter det medför att bygga upp ett utbildningsprogram, såsom brist på kompetensutbildning och arbetsredskap. Lagtexter, förordningar och deklarationer redovisas för att belysa den specialpedagogiska rollen. Metoden som använts är aktionsforskning och är en metod som används när ett problemområde har identifierats, och viss åtgärder vidtagna. Problemområdet i denna studie identifierades som åtgärder för att attrahera hemmasittande elever tillbaka till skolan och för att stimulera elevernas engagemang för skolarbetet användes dataprogrammet OneNote. Slutsatsen av studien visar att OneNote som utbildningsplattform fungerar som ett specialpedagogiskt verktyg och har utvecklingsmöjligheter. Engagemanget för skolarbetet hos de eleverna som använde OneNote har ökat och datorn som pedagogiskt hjälpmedel datorn har bidragit till en positiv utveckling i att skapa goda lärandemiljöer. Andra mycket positiva aspekter är att elevernas självständighet har ökat och därmed deras självförtroende.

  • Lindell, Emma
    et al.
    Månsson, Louise
    Konsekvenser eller ett uppvaknande?: en kvantitativ studie på lång sikt av svenska aktiebolag med en fortlevnadsvarning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The going concern warning and its consequences for auditors and companies have been studied from many different angles. However, the results are conflicting. A going concern warning is issued by an auditor when there is substantial doubt on the company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Studies have shown that most companies survive despite a going concern warning. There are also signs of short-term consequences for the companies. How the consequences unfold in the long run for companies that have received a going concern warning is not well studied.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how companies are affected in the long run by the consequences that can arise due to a going concern warning. For this study, a quantitative method has been used. Legitimacy theory, Interest theory and Institutional theory, have the common factor that they all explain how organizations survive in the long run. The theories, together with scientific articles and other relevant literature, have been used to develop the hypotheses.

    Companies with a going concern warning have been compared with companies that have not received a going concern warning. Empirical data have been collected for 2010-2015 and by using multiple linear regressions the hypotheses of the study have been tested.

    The result of the study showed that a going concern warning did not adversely affect the company on a long-term basis. On the contrary, the study indicates that companies with a going concern warning improve compared to equivalent companies which did not receive a going concern warning. 

  • Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    From black and white to shades of grey: a longitudinal study of teachers’ perspectives on teaching sociocultural and subjective aspects of science2017In: Science and Education, ISSN 1573-1901Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional school science has been described as focused on indisputable facts where scientific processes and factors affecting these processes become obscured or left undiscussed. In this article, we report on teachers’ perspectives on the teaching of sociocultural and subjective aspects of the nature of science (NOS) as a way to accomplish a more nuanced science teaching in Swedish compulsory school. The teachers (N = 6) took part in a longitudinal study on NOS and NOS teaching that spanned 3 years. The data consists of recorded and transcribed focus group discussions from all 3 years. In the analysis, the transcripts were searched for teachers’ suggestions of issues, relevant for teaching in compulsory school, as well as opportunities and challenges connected to the teaching of these issues. The results of the analysis show that (a) the number of suggested issues increased over the years, (b) teachers’ ways of contextualizing the issues changed from general and unprecise to more tightly connected to socio-scientific or scientific contexts, and (c) the number of both opportunities and challenges related to NOS teaching increased over the years. The most evident changes occurred from the beginning of year 2 when the focus group discussions became more closely directed towards concrete teaching activities. Tensions between the opportunities and challenges are discussed as well as how these can be met, and made use of, in science teacher education.

  • Eriksson, Urban
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik, Lunds universitet.
    The outer universe and the inner: what is the connection?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This talk concerns astronomy eduction resercher and focus on what visualizations offer for learning astronomy at all levels. I will be presenting reserach results concerning disciplinary discernment and spatial thinking in relation to experiences offered by planetarium presentations.

  • Berg, Johan
    et al.
    RISE.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Langton, Maud
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Josell, Åsa
    Atria Scandinavia AB.
    Davidsson, Fredrik
    Geoloc AB.
    State Of The Art report -: insects as food and feed2017In: Annals of Experimental Biology, ISSN 2348-1935, Vol. 5, no 2, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    FAO has considered insects as food since 2003 [1] and is promoting consumption of insects (entomophagy) in the Western world because of the possibilities for sustainable production it offers. Insects as food are considered to leave smaller ecological footprints than conventional livestock (beef, pigs, and poultry) regarding feed, land and water needs, as well as greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions [2-7]. As an example regarding water, taken from a recent TV documentary, if a family of four people got their protein need from insects one day a week instead of from conventional livestock, over a year they would save the planet about a million Liters of water [8]. This is in agreement with figures above.

  • Håkansson, Anders
    Kristianstad University, Learning Resource Centre.
    Stärkande av den fysiska/digitala lärandemiljön på LRC2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Normann, Cecilia
    RISE.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Davidsson, Fredrik
    Geoloc AB.
    Josell, Åsa
    Atria Scandinavia AB.
    Prim, Mia
    RISE.
    Langton, Maud
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Insects as a culinary ingredient: consumer acceptance and neophobia2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The world´s population is increasing and thus the pressure on the earth´s resources. To ensure food supply and sustainability, food habits in western societies have to change. A significant contribution to global sustainability can be achieved by, for example, decreasing meat consumption 1. Advantages concerning nutrition and sustainability have been found by inclusion of insects in the diet2. Insects as food has a large potential, and the “culinary way” seems to be an effective way to reach consumer acceptance for insect-based foods3. The aim was to examine consumer acceptance and neophobia related to the use of insects as ingredients in food.

    Methods: Food neophobia4, attitudes and acceptance were surveyed by a web-based questionnaire answered by 150 respondents.

    Results: Significantly higher acceptance was shown for insect protein added to foods as a “powder”, with invisible insects than for added visible insects. The interest of buying insect protein as a powder was higher than of buying whole insects. Further, 24 of the respondents (16%) were considered neophobic.

    Discussion: To reach acceptance of insect protein, culinary food could include “non-visible” insects. This is in line with the fact that food neophobia and acceptance are influenced by the sensory attributes and benefits of the actual food. Further, neophobia varies over the life course 5.

    Conclusions: The use of insect protein in food as a powder has higher acceptance than use of whole insects. 16% of the respondent were neophobic.

    References:

    1. WWF. Living Planet Report 20

    2. Yen. Edible insects: Traditional knowledge or western phobia? Entomological   Research 2009

    3. Astrup Pedersen. Disgusting or delicious, MSc Thesis, Copenhagen University 2014    

    4. Pliner, Hobden. Development of a scale to measure the trait of food neophobia in humans. Appetite 1992

    5. Pliner, Salvy. Food neophobia in humans. Shepherd, Raats, ed. The psychology of food choice. 2006

  • Pöysä, Hannu
    et al.
    Finland.
    Elmberg, Johan
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Gunnarsson, Gunnar
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Holopainen, Sari
    Finland.
    Nummi, Petri
    Finland.
    Sjöberg, Kjell
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Habitat change and population decline in breeding wigeon Anas penelope2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Fridberg, Marie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Preschool children’s collaborative science learning scaffolded by tablets: a teachers view2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Bengtsson-Tops, Anita
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Schmidt, Manuela
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. Lund University.
    Development and implementation of a need-based care model for persons who frequently visit psychiatric emergency rooms2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Sjöberg, Marina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Beck, Ingela
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Rasmussen, Birgit H
    Lund University.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Being disconnected from life - meanings of existential loneliness as narrated by frail older people2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Extended families in dialogical collaboration in response with deployed family-members2017In: 14th Biennial Conference of ERGOMAS / [ed] European Research Group on Military and Society, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this action research study participants of extended families became invited to participate in individual interviews and network meetings with their family members. The participants narrated and explored their experiences of having a deployed family member and/or being a deployed family member. Focus was on how family members collaborate and manage house and family, supporting the soldier in his/her commission and vice versa. In focus was also need of support from the outside of the family system and if so what, how and what else they had asked for.The research project is directed, by means of a dialogical participation action research method, towards the discovery of the appropriate tools that can serve military individuals, their families and network, and act as a buffer in the challenges they face. It may also guide professionals in social services, education and health care and voluntaries in networks in the quest to reduce distress experienced and promote individual and family resilience.The study includes 186 interviews with all together 128 participants. The researcher has also participated in several meetings and gatherings organised by the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF). The participants in the study are children, spouses, siblings, parents, grandparents and other concerned relatives as well as soldiers and veterans.Depending on perspective or position hold in the extended family, results imply differences in lived experiences and responses. For example the result show different views on family gatherings organised by Swedish Armed Forces most of all appreciated by the parents of the soldiers.

  • Sundström, Malin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Rämgård, Margaret
    Malmö University.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Health care staff’s perception of existential loneliness among older people2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Elmberg, Johan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Berg, Charlotte
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Lerner, Henrik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Waldenström, Jonas
    Linneaus University.
    Hessel, Rebecca
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Potential disease transmission from wild geese and swans to livestock, poultry and humans: a review of the scientific literature from a One Health perspective2017In: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology, ISSN 2000-8686, E-ISSN 2000-8686, Vol. 7, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are more herbivorous waterfowl (swans and geese) close to humans, livestock and poultry than ever before. This creates widespread conflict with agriculture and other human interests, but also debate about the role of swans and geese as potential vectors of disease of relevance for human and animal health. Using a One Health perspective, we provide the first comprehensive review of the scientific literature about the most relevant viral, bacterial, and unicellular pathogens occurring in wild geese and swans. Research thus far suggests that these birds may play a role in transmission of avian influenza virus, Salmonella, Campylobacter, and antibiotic resistance. On the other hand, at present there is no evidence that geese and swans play a role in transmission of Newcastle disease, duck plague, West Nile virus, Vibrio, Yersinia, Clostridium, Chlamydophila, and Borrelia. Finally, based on present knowledge it is not possible to say if geese and swans play a role in transmission of Escherichia coli, Pasteurella, Helicobacter, Brachyspira, Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and Microsporidia. This is largely due to changes in classification and taxonomy, rapid development of identification methods and lack of knowledge about host specificity. Previous research tends to overrate the role of geese and swans as disease vectors; we do not find any evidence that they are significant transmitters to humans or livestock of any of the pathogens considered in this review. Nevertheless, it is wise to keep poultry and livestock separated from small volume waters used by many wild waterfowl, but there is no need to discourage livestock grazing in nature reserves or pastures where geese and swans are present. Under some circumstances it is warranted to discourage swans and geese from using wastewater ponds, drinking water reservoirs, and public beaches. Intensified screening of swans and geese for AIV, West Nile virus and anatid herpesvirus is warranted.